Thyroiditis

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thyroiditis

[‚thī‚rȯi′dīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the thyroid gland.

Thyroiditis

 

inflammation of the thyroid gland caused by nonspecific infection (for example, staphylococcosis), specific infection (tuberculosis), poisoning (by lead or carbon monoxide), or autoimmune diseases. Symptoms include pain upon swallowing or moving the head backward, throbbing pain in the ears and lower jaw, elevated body temperature, enlargement of the neck, and tenderness of the regional lymph nodes. The course of thyroiditis may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Treatment calls for the use of antiinflammatory agents, analgesics, antibiotics, corticosteroids, thyroidin, and vitamins. Suppurative thyroiditis is treated surgically.

References in periodicals archive ?
Staii A, Mirocha S, Todorova-Koteva K, Glinberg S, Jaume JC (2010) Hashimoto thyroiditis is more frequent than expected when diagnosed by cytology which uncovers a pre-clinical state.
A minute focus of extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma arising in Hashimoto thyroiditis diagnosed with PCR after laser capture microdissection: a case report.
Given the frequent coexistence of Hashimoto thyroiditis, small cell lymphomas are more difficult to diagnose cytologically, and immunohistochemical staining or flow cytometry may be necessary to establish monoclonality and characterize surface markers.
On physical examination, Hashimoto thyroiditis reveals an enlarged, rubbery, nontender and nodular thyroid gland.
Keywords: Celiac disease, children, hashimoto thyroiditis
Age, sex, thyroid specimen weight, Hashimoto thyroiditis, and malignancy were not recognized as risk factors.
Of the thirty four surgeries performed for Hashimoto thyroiditis, four cases were reported as neoplastic on histopathology.
Therefore, in the present study we compared body mass and body composition between the patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis who were in clinical and hormonal euthyreosis and healthy individuals who had never been treated for autoimmune thyroid disorders.
Two LD-TMAs were constructed by arraying cores of 2-mm diameter in a grid of 7 X 5 each, representing 38 thyroid carcinomas (27 papillary [16 classic, 6 follicular variant, 4 tall cell, and 1 columnar cell], 5 follicular, 2 poorly differentiated, and 4 anaplastic), 1 follicular adenoma, 1 Hashimoto thyroiditis (inadvertently included), and 25 normal thyroids (Figure 1, B).
The effect of hormone replacement treatment on thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor activity levels in patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis.
Histologic findings of Hashimoto thyroiditis were present too.
Anti-TPO antibodies and anti-thyroglobulin antibodies are increased in most patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis and therefore may be useful in establishing this diagnosis.