Thyroiditis

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thyroiditis

[‚thī‚rȯi′dīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the thyroid gland.

Thyroiditis

 

inflammation of the thyroid gland caused by nonspecific infection (for example, staphylococcosis), specific infection (tuberculosis), poisoning (by lead or carbon monoxide), or autoimmune diseases. Symptoms include pain upon swallowing or moving the head backward, throbbing pain in the ears and lower jaw, elevated body temperature, enlargement of the neck, and tenderness of the regional lymph nodes. The course of thyroiditis may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Treatment calls for the use of antiinflammatory agents, analgesics, antibiotics, corticosteroids, thyroidin, and vitamins. Suppurative thyroiditis is treated surgically.

References in periodicals archive ?
Association of Down syndrome, type 1 DM and Hashimoto thyroiditis was present in one of our patients who was 9 years old.
It is known that hypoactive nodules may be present on scintigraphy in Hashimoto thyroiditis (7).
The existence of inflammatory infiltrates, which may or may not coincide with Hashimoto thyroiditis, gives rise to diagnostic mistakes.
Plasma cell granuloma of the thyroid associated with Hashimoto thyroiditis.
of Cytologic Diagnosis Histologic Diagnosis Cases Negative: NOS(*) Papillary carcinoma 5 Negative: follicular adenoma Well-differentiated 1 follicular carcinoma Negative: Hashimoto thyroiditis Follicular variant of 1 papillary carcinoma Negative: adenomatous nodule Follicular variant of 2 papillary carcinoma Hurthle cell carcinoma 1 Follicular carcinoma 1 (*) NOS indicates not otherwise specified.
Pathologic examination of the excised tissue revealed a multinodular goiter in 7 patients and diffuse Hashimoto thyroiditis in the other.
Approximately 90% of the cases of hypothyroidism shown in Table 4 were attributable to Hashimoto thyroiditis, but again, for the 10% with other diagnoses the optimal management may differ.
A recent study suggested that levothyroxine treatment to shrink thyroid nodules is more likely to succeed in patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis than in patients with no evidence of autoimmunity (24).