Hasidim


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Hasidim: Chassid, Chasidim

Hasidim

or

Chassidim

(both: häsē`dĭm, khä–) [Heb.,=the pious], term used by the rabbis to describe those Jews who maintained the highest standard of religious observance and moral action. The term has been applied to movements at three distinct times. The first Hasidim, also called the Assideans or Hasideans, were an ancient Jewish sect that developed between 300 B.C. and 175 B.C. They were the most rigid adherents of Judaism in contradistinction to those Jews who were beginning to be affected by Hellenistic influences. The Hasidim led the resistance to the hellenizing campaign of Antiochus IV of Syria, and they figured largely in the early phases of the revolt of the MaccabeesMaccabees
or Machabees
, Jewish family of the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. They are also called Hasmoneans or Asmoneans after their ancestor, Hashmon.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Their ritual strictness has caused some to see them as forerunners of the Pharisees. Throughout the Talmudic period numerous figures were referred to as Hasidim. During the 12th and 13th cent., however, there arose in Germany a specific group known as the Hasidei Ashkenaz. Influenced by Saadia ben Joseph and with messianic and mystical elements, it held as its central ideology the unity of God, the application of justice in all situations, social and economic equality, and martyrdom at the hands of the crusaders rather than compromise of any kind. The chief ethical work that derived from the group was the Sefer Hasidim (tr. Book of the Pious, 1973). The third movement to which the term Hasidim is applied is that founded in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov and known as HasidismHasidism
or Chassidism
[Heb.,=the pious], Jewish religious movement founded in Poland in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov. Its name derives from Hasidim. Hasidism, which stressed the mercy of God and encouraged joyous religious expression through music and dance, spread
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See S. Lieberman, Hellenism in Jewish Palestine (1962); S. G. Kramer, God and Man in the Sefer Hasidim (1966); A. L. Lowenkopf, The Hasidim (1973). See also bibliography under HasidismHasidism
or Chassidism
[Heb.,=the pious], Jewish religious movement founded in Poland in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov. Its name derives from Hasidim. Hasidism, which stressed the mercy of God and encouraged joyous religious expression through music and dance, spread
..... Click the link for more information.
.

References in periodicals archive ?
Instantly, the hasidim began to bombard him with pointed questions about his level of kosher observance.
27) The early hasidim were described as zealous worshipers who would spend an hour in contemplation and meditation prior to praying.
Hynes, who has been heavily criticized for going easy on the ultra-Orthodox, and could set a precedent for more sex abuse charges among the Hasidim.
Further, Yiddish usage has become polarized within a rhetoric of Jewish identity maintenance among two groups: (1) secular Jews who identify with Yiddish culture but who more often than not lack linguistic facility in it; and (2) Haredi Jews, mainly Hasidim, for whom Yiddish serves as a vernacular and marker of ethnic distinctiveness in their quest for separation from the mainstream.
They are funded and influenced in religious observance by Satmar Hasidim.
Sanford Shudnow reviews a fascinating volume, "Ha-Shevi'i"--The Seventh--by Yitzchak Kraus, which sets out how, "by virtue of his charisma and energy", the Rebbe developed a "war strategy" that took his Hasidim from "their admitted complacency" into a powerful force, dedicated to transforming a world "immersed in the galut--(exile) .
Hasidim were the staunch anti-assimilationist Jews under Seleucid-Greek rule to whom the Book of Daniel is addressed, as discussed in Part I of this article.
Ibtin - PNN - Four 18 year old yeshiva students from the Jewish village of Kfar Hasidim were arrested today on charges that they vandalized a mosque in the nearby Arab village of Ibtin.
Orthodox Jews, including the ultra-conservative Hasidim, are among those most loudly proclaiming that the state of Israel has "no right to exist.
This excoriating movie, like an Old Testament prophet in its disgust for humanity, takes on: Austria, Los Angeles, the American South, fashion shows, psychics, charity consultants, agents, television executives, African Americans, Arabs, Jews (in one scene Hasidim chase Bruno down the street because he's wearing a gay version of their garb), swingers, hunters, pro wrestling audiences, the military--all of the exemplars of American machismo.
Intriguingly, the Modzitzer Hasidim love the idea of appropriation, taking up European marches and Russian drinking songs in order to "bring the melodies out of exile.
Close to 50,000 people will visit the tomb of Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum the founder of Satmar Hasidim on the 29th anniversary of the Grand Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum's death.