Haskalah

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Haskalah

(hä'skəlä`), [Heb.,=enlightenment] Jewish movement in Europe active from the 1770s to the 1880s. Beginning in Germany in the circle of the German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn and spreading to Galicia and Russia, the Haskalah called for increased secularization of Jewish life through secular learning, a concern for esthetics, and linguistic assimilation (especially in Germany), all in the cause of speeding Jewish emancipation. The proponents of the Haskalah (maskilim) established schools and published periodicals and other works. By publishing in Hebrew, they contributed to the revival of the language.

Bibliography

See J. Katz, Tradition and Crisis (1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
The first was the Haskala, the Jewish Enlightenment: Jewish scholars began to take an interest in secular history, and the place of Jewish narratives within that history.
The quotations are from Shmuel Feiner, "Towards a Historical Definition of the Haskala," in New Perspectives on the Haskala, ed.
of the Haskala translates into access to literacy for Frieda and Mary,
44) When the Haskala applied pressure on customary consciousness and practices, Jewish folklore emerged from the outtakes of reform.
Although the maskilim still held Hebrew to be a far superior language, writers wishing to use literature as a means of moral uplift faced a serious problem: As the Haskala movement entered Poland and Russia, less of the population understood Hebrew.
To consider [Lefin-Satanover] as the conscious proponent of the cultivation and literalization of Yiddish literature," Miron writes, "is to attribute to him intentions he probably could not have had, intentions quite alien to the whole context of the Haskala movement at the time.
Haskala literature had preceded the appearance of organized Zionism and played an undoubted role in facilitating its propagation: Ben-Gurion was raised on Mapu's books, and Y.
17) He strove to establish a chair in Jewish history from the biblical era on, with particular emphasis on the modern period, from the days of the early Haskala and emancipation through the history of the national movement.