Hassan II

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Hassan II

(hä`sän), 1929–99, king of Morocco (1961–99). Formerly crown prince Moulay Hassan ben Mohammed Alaoui, he ascended the throne on the death (1961) of his father, Muhammad VMuhammad V
(Sidi Muhammad ibn Youssef), 1910–61, king of Morocco (1957–61). He succeeded his father, Moulay Youssef, as sultan in 1927. An ardent nationalist, he was deposed and exiled (1953) by the French.
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. A graduate of the Univ. of Bordeaux, Hassan became chief of staff of the Moroccan army in 1957. In 1965 political unrest in Morocco caused him to assume full executive and legislative control, but an abortive coup (July, 1971) led him to yield some of his powers to the Moroccan parliament. King Hassan's monarchy survived a series of attempted coups that same year and throughout the 1970s as he maintained relative stability by suppressing dissent. In 1984 he appointed a coalition government. Internationally, Hassan pursued a neutralist course, aided in attempts at Middle Eastern peace with Israel, and for a long period of time managed to receive aid from both the West and Communist nations. In 1970, after high casualties in 1963, he reached agreement with Algeria over a long-contested border. After 1974 he sought to incorporate the former Spanish Sahara (now Western SaharaWestern Sahara,
territory (2005 est. pop. 273,000), 102,703 sq mi (266,000 sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Morocco in the north, on Algeria in the northeast, and on Mauritania in the east and south.
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) into Morocco, challenging first the Spanish, then fighting Algerian-backed guerrilas seeking independence for the region. The king was succeeded by his son Muhammad VIMuhammad VI,
1963–, king of Morocco (1999–), formerly Muhammad ben Al-Hassan, crown prince Sidi Muhammad. He studied at Muhammad V Univ., Rabat, where he received bachelor's (1985) and master's (1988) degrees in law, and at the Univ.
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.

Hassan II

 

(Moulay Hassan). Born July 9, 1929, in Rabat. King of Morocco from 1961; descendant of the Alawite (Alaouite) dynasty. Eldest son of Muhammad V.

Hassan II graduated from the faculty of law of Bordeaux University in France in 1952. From 1955 to early 1956 he took part in the negotiations with France over the granting of independence to Morocco. After independence was proclaimed in 1956, Hassan was appointed chief of the general staff of the armed forces, vice premier, and minister of defense (May 1960 through February 1961). After the death of Muhammad V, Hassan II was proclaimed king and spiritual head of the Muslims of Morocco (Mar. 3, 1961). At the same time, he is supreme commander in chief of the armed forces and chief of the General Staff.

Hassan II

1929--1999, king of Morocco (1961--99)
References in periodicals archive ?
Hussein, King Hassan II of Morocco recognized the folly of enduring Arab
King Hassan II of Morocco was laid to rest yesterday in a funeral attended by kings, princes and presidents from about 30 countries, reflecting his reputation as peacemaker, spiritual leader, and an anchor in a volatile region.
The prince will today represent the Queen at the funeral of King Hassan II of Morocco.
One thing the American president will do is contact several leaders, including King Hassan II of Morocco, in an effort to influence Chechen rebel leader Jokhar Dudayev.
In the spring of 1989 King Hassan II of Morocco, after growing international pressure, invited Amnesty International to send an official delegation to his kingdom, a rare invitation among Arab leaders.
While the procedures for his assuming the Spanish throne during the final part of the life of General Franco involved waiting for a transitional opportunity, he did not want to confront the late King Hassan II of Morocco, who massed 350,000 volunteers for a green march, waiting for the signal to march into the desert.
King Hassan II of Morocco (ruled 1961-1999) even defended this situation: "I am obliged to personify power as strongly as possible, for people do not obey a program or a plan.
THE Prince of Wales will represent the Queen at the funeral of King Hassan II of Morocco today.
King Hassan II of Morocco presided over the signing of the protocol between OPIC and CMS Energy Corporation of Dearborn, Michigan, for $200 million in political risk insurance.