Hasidim

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Related to Hassidim: Chasidim, Chassid

Hasidim

or

Chassidim

(both: häsē`dĭm, khä–) [Heb.,=the pious], term used by the rabbis to describe those Jews who maintained the highest standard of religious observance and moral action. The term has been applied to movements at three distinct times. The first Hasidim, also called the Assideans or Hasideans, were an ancient Jewish sect that developed between 300 B.C. and 175 B.C. They were the most rigid adherents of Judaism in contradistinction to those Jews who were beginning to be affected by Hellenistic influences. The Hasidim led the resistance to the hellenizing campaign of Antiochus IV of Syria, and they figured largely in the early phases of the revolt of the MaccabeesMaccabees
or Machabees
, Jewish family of the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. They are also called Hasmoneans or Asmoneans after their ancestor, Hashmon.
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. Their ritual strictness has caused some to see them as forerunners of the Pharisees. Throughout the Talmudic period numerous figures were referred to as Hasidim. During the 12th and 13th cent., however, there arose in Germany a specific group known as the Hasidei Ashkenaz. Influenced by Saadia ben Joseph and with messianic and mystical elements, it held as its central ideology the unity of God, the application of justice in all situations, social and economic equality, and martyrdom at the hands of the crusaders rather than compromise of any kind. The chief ethical work that derived from the group was the Sefer Hasidim (tr. Book of the Pious, 1973). The third movement to which the term Hasidim is applied is that founded in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov and known as HasidismHasidism
or Chassidism
[Heb.,=the pious], Jewish religious movement founded in Poland in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov. Its name derives from Hasidim. Hasidism, which stressed the mercy of God and encouraged joyous religious expression through music and dance, spread
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.

Bibliography

See S. Lieberman, Hellenism in Jewish Palestine (1962); S. G. Kramer, God and Man in the Sefer Hasidim (1966); A. L. Lowenkopf, The Hasidim (1973). See also bibliography under HasidismHasidism
or Chassidism
[Heb.,=the pious], Jewish religious movement founded in Poland in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov. Its name derives from Hasidim. Hasidism, which stressed the mercy of God and encouraged joyous religious expression through music and dance, spread
..... Click the link for more information.
.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hassidim and the 'Reasonable Accommodation' Debate in Quebec.
Il ne restait plus qu'environ huit cents juifs dans cette ville a la fin de la guerre, dont quelques hassidim, mais cette petite colonie fut rejointe par de nombreux survivants d'Europe orientale qui firent d'Anvers une sorte de relais et une etape vers d'autres destinations, les Etats-Unis, le Canada (surtout Montreal et en particulier Outremont), Londres et Israel.
The Hassidim identify three creative powers for each letter of the alphabet: energy, life and light.
Another fast growing Orthodox movement with distinguished folk religious practices is that of the Bratslav Hassidim, who worship the memory of the late Rabbi Nahman who lived in the eighteenth century.
There were two opposing extremes (which could be called orthodox and reform tendencies), the pious Hassidim and the hellenized Jews, the latter being open to the Greek culture of the ruling Syrians.
Then there are smaller, more extreme Orthodox groups such as the Hassidim, which includes sects such as the Satmers and Lubavitchers, who wear distinctive dark frocks, black hats on men, and wigs, or sheitel, on women.
For a while the streets come alive with a dancing group of Hassidim tourists, who later visit the Jewish cemetery after nightfall.
Lots of "little" people scurrying about in rags, emitting brief mouse-squeaks of futile protest: among them a pair of middleaged identical twins dressed as Hassidim, a vamp confined in a mobile chicken coop, a comatose Adonis wheeled about on a torture rack, and "the Grand Gymnast," a man with a gigantic knapsack.
The results are extraordinary," according to Shay Hassidim, Deputy Chief Technology Officer of GigaSpaces.
This is very respectable," a supporter of Zalman Leib and spokesman for the Satmar Hassidim in Israel told The Jerusalem Post.
It should be noted that Haredi corporeality is not homogeneous but diversified, with variation existing, first and foremost, between Haredi society's main communities: the Lithuanians, the Hassidim, and the Mizrahim.
The following stories and sayings give a taste of the inner life of pious Hassidim.