Hastings Banda

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Banda, Hastings


Born 1905. Statesman of the Republic of Malawi.

Banda was born into a peasant family in Nyasaland (at that time a British possession). From 1918 to 1926 he lived in Johannesburg (Union of South Africa); from 1926 to 1938 he lived in the USA (where, in 1931, upon graduating from the University of Chicago, he received a B. A. with a major in philosophy). Between 1938 and 1953, Banda lived in England (where he received a physician’s diploma in 1941); from 1954 to 1958 he lived in Ghana.

In 1958, Banda returned to Nyasaland and was elected chairman of the African National Congress. In 1959 he was arrested by British colonial authorities. In 1960 he was released and became head of the newly created Malawi Congress Party. From 1961 to 1963 he was minister of national resources, local government, and urban development. Between February 1963 and July 1964, Banda was prime minister of Nyasaland. From July 1964 to July 1966 he was prime minister of Malawi. Since 1966, Banda has been president of the Republic of Malawi; at the same time, he has been minister of foreign affairs, justice, public works, and supplies. The Charter of the Malawi Congress Party (ratified in 1965) proclaimed Banda party chairman for life. In foreign policy Banda is oriented primarily toward the Western countries. In 1967, Banda’s government recognized the Republic of South Africa; this provoked sharp criticism from the majority of African states.

References in periodicals archive ?
WHERE did Hastings Banda practise as a doctor from |1942-53?
Upon gaining independence it became a single-party state under the presidency of Hastings Banda, who remained president until 1994, when he was ousted from power.
Hastings Banda was the leader of which country from 1963 to 1994?
In his early political life, many will recall how as a senior civil servant under Malawi's founding president Hastings Banda, Mutharika was forced to flee the country following a ministerial rebellion against the former strongman's rule.
of Malawi, who was attracting international attention through his poems and his writings in linguistics until his arrest and imprisonment without charge under President for Life Hastings Banda.
Malawi next door was plagued by hunger under Presidents Hastings Banda and Bakili Muluzi but Binga Wa Mutharika the current president put the matter to rest once and for all.
The obituaries were published between 1991 and 2009 and the range is awe inspiring: the anti-apartheid campaigner, Helen Suzman, the Indian maharajah (of Kutch) who became a politician in Independent India, Sir Garfield Todd, Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia who foolishly supported Mugabe, the Malawian dictator, Hastings Banda who wore morning dress in his red Rolls Royce, the painter, Yousuf Karsh, Sir Edmund Hillary, Queen Susan of Albania, whose father was an Australian grazier and on and on it goes.
His patients included Saddam Hussein, Malawi leader Hastings Banda and various pop stars.
ANSWERS: 1 Russia' 2 Spirogyra is a type of green freshwater alga' 3 One-eighth' 4 Peas, beans and lentils' 5 Hungary' 6 The condor' 7 Tessa Sanderson' 8 The xylophone' 9 Fulcrum' 10 Dr Hastings Banda.
Before teaching at Stowe, Melber worked for the president of Malawi, Hastings Banda, helping start a school that now bills itself as the Eton of Africa.
In Malawi's first government under Hastings Banda, Orton Chirwa became Attorney General and Minister of Justice However, when the regime turned dictatorial, the Chirwa's joined the opposition.
Torture is justified in obtaining vital information," according to Hastings Banda.