Hatra


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Hatra

(hă`trə), Arab. Al Hadr, ancient city and fortress, in modern-day Iraq, 68 mi (110 km) SW of Mosul. It flourished from the 1st cent. B.C. to the 2nd cent. A.D. under the Parthian Empire (see ParthiaParthia
, ancient country of Asia, SE of the Caspian Sea. In its narrowest limits it consisted of a mountainous region intersected with fertile valleys, lying S of Hyrcania and corresponding roughly to the modern Iranian province of Khorasan.
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), when it was a fortified religious and trading center. The city is noted for its many temples, dedicated to dieties of several ancient religious traditions; the largest is the Great Temple. Hatra resisted several Roman attempts to conquer it, but fell in A.D. 241 to Shapur IShapur I
or Sapor I
, d.272, king of Persia (241–72), son and successor of Ardashir I, of the Sassanid, or Sassanian, dynasty. He was an able warrior king.
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, Sassanid king of Persia, and was destroyed. Excavated during the 20th cent., its ruins constituted some of the most significant stone monuments of Iraq, but in the 2015–16 the Islamist extremist group Islamic StateIslamic State
(IS), Sunni Islamic militant group committed to the establishment of an Islamic caliphate that would unite Muslims in a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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 destroyed statues and looted the site.

Hatra

 

a Parthian city, presently in ruins, in northern Iraq, near the village of al-Hadr. Hatra was founded before the Common Era. It flourished in the first and second centuries A.D. and was destroyed in 257. The city was built to a nearly oval plan and covered an area of approximately 320 hectares. There are remains of triple stone and mud-brick city walls with four gates, a stone palace-temple complex, dwellings, and burial structures. Round-shaped sculptures, reliefs, and other objects have been found there.

References in periodicals archive ?
Latif Al Ani, Stolen head that was not retrieved, Hatra, c.
They cover Mithradates I and the Parthian archer, the Seleucids imprisoned: Arsacid-Roman hostage submission and its Hellenistic precedents, Marcus Antonius' Median war and the dynastic politics of the Near East, finding common ground: Roman-Parthian embassies in the Julio-Claudian period, Herod the Great: a Near Eastern case study of Roman-Parthian politics, Osrhoene and Mesopotamia between Rome and Arsacid Parthia, and beyond Rome/Parthia: intersections of local and imperial traditions in the visual record of Hatra.
She does not tell a straightforward, linear story, but goes back and forth in time and place throughout this memoir, recounting such things as her memory of climbing the ruins of Hatra as a child and her fathers car being stopped by officials who would check to see that they weren't taking any of the stones from the place.
It added that the focus of the combing operations was on the villages and regions between South of Hatra and North of Rawah.
As the tally of eradication mounts--the Temple of Bel in Palmyra, the Northwest Palace of the Assyrian King Ashurnasirpal II in Nimrud, the Mosque of the Prophet Jonah in Nineveh, the ancient city of Hatra, fourteen of the mausoleums of Timbuktu, all in the past ten years--it has become clear that the devastation is not random but is the result of programmatic cultural cleansing.
In 2015, the World Heritage Committee decided to inscribe the sites of Hatra (Iraq), the Old City of Sana'a and the Old Walled City of Shibam (Yemen) to the List of World Heritage in Danger, bringing all of the cultural World Heritage sites of Iraq and Yemen onto the list, with the exception of the Erbil Citadel located in the Kurdistan region.
Daesh still controls other Assyrian landmarks including the ruins of Nineveh and Khorsabad, as well as the 2,000-year-old desert city of Hatra, famed for its pillared temple which blended Graeco-Roman and eastern architecture.
Ces derniers avaient aussi pris pour cible la cite antique de Hatra, situee egalement sur la route des forces irakiennes vers Mossoul.
De acuerdo con la mejor informacion disponible, en abril del ano pasado el sitio de Hatra tambien fue objeto de destruccion.
Destroyed or damaged by ISIS have been the eye wateringly haunting ancient sites in or near Mosul (dating back to 25th century BC), 3rd or second century BC in Northern Iraq: Hatra, 3rd or 2nd century BC; Nineveh, the Assyrian Capital; Nimrud, founded 3,500 years ago; Khorsabad, built between 717 -706 BC; the 4th century Mar Behnam Monastry.
org/news/director-general-irinabokova-firmly-condemns- destruction-palmyra-s-ancient-temple-baalshamin; Hatra Destruction 'War Crime,' Says UN Chief in Wake of ISIL Destruction of Heritage Site, U.
Since then, the group has undertaken mass looting campaigns of museums and ruins in the ancient cities of Nimrud and Hatra, and most recently Palmyra in Syria.