Hattusas

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Hattusas:

see BoğazköyBoğazköy
or Boghazkeui
, village, N central Turkey. Boğazköy (or Hattusas as it was called) was the chief center of the Hittite empire (1400–1200 B.C.), which was consolidated by Shubbiluliuma (fl. 1380 B.C.).
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; HittitesHittites
, ancient people of Asia Minor and Syria, who flourished from 1600 to 1200 B.C. The Hittites, a people of Indo-European connection, were supposed to have entered Cappadocia c.1800 B.C.
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Hattusas

 

(also Hattusa, Hattushash, or Khattusas; modern Boğazköy), the capital of the Hittite empire, located in what is now Turkey, 150 km from Ankara. Although the ruins were discovered in 1834, systematic excavations were only begun in 1906. Among the discoveries were the remains of fortress walls, a palace, temples, an aqueduct, dwellings, and other buildings. Also discovered was the Boğazköy Archive, containing a wealth of information.

The first mentions of Hattusas date to the second half of the third millennium B.C. In the 23rd century B.C., the city’s ruler Pamba joined a coalition against the Akkadian king Naram-sin. In the beginning of the second millennium B.C., Hattusas became one of the leading commercial centers of Anatolia. In the 18th century B.C., it was captured and destroyed by the Hittite king Anittas of the city of Kussara, but by the beginning of the 17th century B.C., it was rebuilt. The rivalry with Kussara ended in the transfer of the Hittite capital to Hattusas by the ruler Hattusilis I. During the reign of Hantilis I (late 16th century B.C.), a fortified wall was built around the city. In the 13th century B.C., Hattusas was plundered by Kaskan tribes, who inhabited the mountains of Pontus to the north and northeast of the Hittite empire, but during the rule of Hattusilis III, the city was again rebuilt. In the early 12th century B.C., Hattusas was attacked by the Peoples of the Sea, who destroyed the Hittite kingdom.

REFERENCES

Bogazköy-Hattuša, 1906–1955, [vols. 1–3], Leipzig, 1937–57.
Bittel, K. “Vorläufiger Bericht über die Ausgrabungen in Bogazköy.” Mitteilungen der deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft, 1953–62, nos. 86–93.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also particularly important is "The Battle of Nihriya and the End of the Hittite Empire," wherein Singer brings together material from Ugarit and Hattusa to reconstruct the perilous military situation faced by Hatti in Syria under Tudhaliya IV.
Cappadocia was known as Hatti in the late Bronze Age, and was the homeland of the Hittite power centered at Hattusa.
The 26 texts are from the Hittite capital of Hattusa in the 15th to 13th centuries BCE, and refer to a land they call Ahhiyawa, which most scholars now identify with the Late Bronze Age Mycenaean world.
In an exclusive interview with the AA, Gunay said, "this year, we have succeeded in bringing back the Hattusa Sphinx from Germany and the upper part of a Hercules statue from the United States.
was the plot-muthos of each religion with its respective cosmological Sitz im Leben that served as the common denominator, the springboard, and the matrix of the various theaters (in Egypt, Babylon, Hattusa, Canaan-Ugarit, ancient Israel, ancient Syria, Greece, Alexandria, and Rome).
It is also close to the site of the historic capital of the Hittite Empire, Hattusa.
A century later, the Hittite Empire collapsed with an invasion and the capital city of Hattusa was abandoned.
Chapter 1, "The End of an Era," begins with an evocative imagined description of the final abandonment of Hattusa by the last Hittite king Suppiluliuma II (pp.
Around 1400 BC a large quantity of RLW was dumped into an abandoned water reservoir at the inland Hittite capital of Hattusa in central Anatolia (Figure 1).
invasions by Indo-European tribes from Thrace utterly destroyed Troy and Hattusa, the capital of the Hittite Empire and a dark age followed.
Other topics include questions of influence, previous ideas about the logogram in Hittite cuneiform, Hittite paleography, the oldest Hittite cuneiform writing, the Syria hypothesis and Alala VII, scribal environments, and lexical lists at Hattusa.
ISTANBUL, July 27, 2011 (TUR) -- Turkey's culture and tourism minister said on Wednesday that Hattusa Sphinx was handed over to Turkey on Tuesday.