Hattusas

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Hattusas:

see BoğazköyBoğazköy
or Boghazkeui
, village, N central Turkey. Boğazköy (or Hattusas as it was called) was the chief center of the Hittite empire (1400–1200 B.C.), which was consolidated by Shubbiluliuma (fl. 1380 B.C.).
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; HittitesHittites
, ancient people of Asia Minor and Syria, who flourished from 1600 to 1200 B.C. The Hittites, a people of Indo-European connection, were supposed to have entered Cappadocia c.1800 B.C.
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Hattusas

 

(also Hattusa, Hattushash, or Khattusas; modern Boğazköy), the capital of the Hittite empire, located in what is now Turkey, 150 km from Ankara. Although the ruins were discovered in 1834, systematic excavations were only begun in 1906. Among the discoveries were the remains of fortress walls, a palace, temples, an aqueduct, dwellings, and other buildings. Also discovered was the Boğazköy Archive, containing a wealth of information.

The first mentions of Hattusas date to the second half of the third millennium B.C. In the 23rd century B.C., the city’s ruler Pamba joined a coalition against the Akkadian king Naram-sin. In the beginning of the second millennium B.C., Hattusas became one of the leading commercial centers of Anatolia. In the 18th century B.C., it was captured and destroyed by the Hittite king Anittas of the city of Kussara, but by the beginning of the 17th century B.C., it was rebuilt. The rivalry with Kussara ended in the transfer of the Hittite capital to Hattusas by the ruler Hattusilis I. During the reign of Hantilis I (late 16th century B.C.), a fortified wall was built around the city. In the 13th century B.C., Hattusas was plundered by Kaskan tribes, who inhabited the mountains of Pontus to the north and northeast of the Hittite empire, but during the rule of Hattusilis III, the city was again rebuilt. In the early 12th century B.C., Hattusas was attacked by the Peoples of the Sea, who destroyed the Hittite kingdom.

REFERENCES

Bogazköy-Hattuša, 1906–1955, [vols. 1–3], Leipzig, 1937–57.
Bittel, K. “Vorläufiger Bericht über die Ausgrabungen in Bogazköy.” Mitteilungen der deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft, 1953–62, nos. 86–93.
References in periodicals archive ?
While the empire had a central bureaucracy and archives in Hattusa and an ideology of centralization, the actual policies used were always more flexible than this and that political and institutional flexibility saved the early Empire.
She also establishes that, as in Mesopotamia, the features were interpreted at Hattusa in a fixed, counterclockwise, order (p.
In a revision of his 2010 PhD dissertation at Leiden University, Waal takes the Hittite clay tablets itself as a starting point to shed new light on the record management and organization of the Hittite tablet collections found in Hattusa.
It went on to report that in 2010, Ankara threatened to suspend the permit of a German archaeologist unless a German museum returned a massive Hittite sphinx removed from Hattusa in Turkey in 1917.
Cappadocia was known as Hatti in the late Bronze Age, and was the homeland of the Hittite power centered at Hattusa.
Al margen de cualquier controversia sobre el particular, esto ha fomentado las exploraciones de la antigua Hattusa (actualmente Bogazkoy, Turquia), capital de imperio hitita.
The 26 texts are from the Hittite capital of Hattusa in the 15th to 13th centuries BCE, and refer to a land they call Ahhiyawa, which most scholars now identify with the Late Bronze Age Mycenaean world.
In an exclusive interview with the AA, Gunay said, "this year, we have succeeded in bringing back the Hattusa Sphinx from Germany and the upper part of a Hercules statue from the United States.
was the plot-muthos of each religion with its respective cosmological Sitz im Leben that served as the common denominator, the springboard, and the matrix of the various theaters (in Egypt, Babylon, Hattusa, Canaan-Ugarit, ancient Israel, ancient Syria, Greece, Alexandria, and Rome).
It is also close to the site of the historic capital of the Hittite Empire, Hattusa.
Por ultimo se presta atencion a las comunicaciones familiares derivadas del ejercicio de un gobierno en el que participaban varios miembros de la familia real, muchas veces encargados del control de territorios que se encontraban alejados de Hattusa, la capital.