Hattusilis III

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Hattusilis III

 

the last important Hittite king; ruled during the New Kingdom, from circa 1304 B.C. to circa 1280 B.C.

Hattusilis III, the son of King Mursilis II, became king by overthrowing his nephew Urhi-teshub. He restored the power of the Hittite kingdom, moved the capital back to Hattusas, and concluded a treaty with the Egyptian pharaoh Rameses II, according to which Egypt recognized Hittite claim to northern Syria.

SOURCES

“Avtobiografiia Khattusili III.” In Khrestomatiia po istorii Drevnego Vostoka. Moscow, 1963. Pages 326–28.

References in periodicals archive ?
Was it Muwattalli II thinking about his Qids campaign or Hattusili III thinking about potentially having a grandson of his become pharaoh?
Thus we read in a letter from Hittite Great King Hattusili III of the mid-thirteenth century to his Babylonian counterpart Kadasman-Enlil II:
The writing of Ramses II's name indicates that his vessels date from the period following the wars against the Hittites, which concluded with the treaty between Ramses II and Hattusili III.
In a letter to the Babylonian king Kadashman-Enlil, Hattusili III of Hatti disingenuously claims as regards his own subjects: (5)
Mouton, "L'importance des reves dans l'existence de Hattusili III," in The Life and Times of Hattusili III and Tuthaliya IV, ed.
Furthermore, since one of the tokens is "the king of Tarhuntassa," the text must date to the Great Kingship of Hattusili III or later.
243), specifically, according to Starke, from the king of Ahhijawa to his Hittite counterpart, probably Hattusili III.
The New Hittite Apology of Hattusili III ends with a similar admonition, threatening divine punishment:
Elles concernent la maladie de son epouse Gassuliyawiya et le role obscur joue par la reine Tawannanna d'origine babylonienne; Singer se range aux cotes des hittitologues voyant dans Gassuliyawiya l'epouse de Mursili II plutot qu'une fille de Hattusili III.
Seeherr, has suggested that perhaps the reason for the relative dearth of material related to Suppiluliuma II at Hattusa (compared to that connected with Hattusili III and Tudhaliya IV) is that Suppiluliuma may have moved the capital elsewhere, leaving an active, but diminished Hattusa.
The book is tied together by a study of the peacemakers, Hittite Great King Hattusili III and Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses II, and their treaty.
However, Hattusili III for political reasons restored Bentesina to the throne of Amurru, and restored its status, if it had indeed been reduced.