the last important Hittite king; ruled during the New Kingdom, from circa 1304 B.C. to circa 1280 B.C.
Hattusilis III, the son of King Mursilis II, became king by overthrowing his nephew Urhi-teshub. He restored the power of the Hittite kingdom, moved the capital back to Hattusas, and concluded a treaty with the Egyptian pharaoh Rameses II, according to which Egypt recognized Hittite claim to northern Syria.
“Avtobiografiia Khattusili III.” In Khrestomatiia po istorii Drevnego Vostoka. Moscow, 1963. Pages 326–28.