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the native inhabitants of the Hawaiian Islands. They speak Hawaiian and have a knowledge of English. Anthropologically they are Polynesians. The invasion of Hawaii (beginning at the end of the 18th century) by European and American colonizers and, in particular, its seizure by the USA, has led to a sharp reduction of the indigenous Hawaiian population—from 250,000-300,000 to 10,000 (according to official inflated 1967 figures); according to other sources, the population has dwindled to 1,000-2,000. A large group of mixed-bloods (population, 105,000 in 1967) has formed as a result of the merging of Hawaiians with American, European, and Asian immigrants; some of these have preserved the Hawaiian language and certain elements of the Hawaiian culture. The Hawaiians and mixed-bloods work on sugar and pineapple plantations and provide tourist services. The present-day Hawaiians are Christians (Protestants of various denominations and Catholics).


Narody Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1956.
Tumarkin, D. D. Vtorzhenie kolonizatorov v “krai vechnoi vesny.” Moscow, 1964.


References in periodicals archive ?
European and American traders transported Hawaiians to North America as labourers and crew; many later settled in the Pacific Northwest, such as on Salt Spring Island.
However, Apo says he applauds HTA for trying to bring Hawaiians into a meaningful dialogue on the tourism industry's future, on that occasion and many others.
Just a sign that Hawaiians are willing to share their secret for "glowing with health," which includes healing practices such as chanting, medicinal plants, and the Hawaiian Lomi Lomi massage--good for relieving pain, stress, and opu huli, or stomach problems.
I think it's good that we have Hawaiians interpreting Hawaiian culture,'' he said later as we stood on the wind-swept plain down by the coast.
The dancers made a trip to Kilauea volcano, currently the most active one in the islands, to explore the importance that Hawaiians place on the life-giving force of the volcanoes that created the mid-Pacific islands.
It gives us needed access to see how the Hawaiian Islands, the Marshall Islands, Tahiti, or any of the islands in the ocean form.
Its antiquity as a lived practice among Hawaiians has been questioned, but aloha 'aina and malama 'aina have emerged as appropriate responses to the state's misuse of native lands.
As a native nation, Hawaiians are no longer self-governing.
Hawaiians continue to value the rainforests as traditional hunting grounds, a source of medicine, and an integral part of traditional ceremonies.
The white people wanted to Americanize Hawaiians totally.
Evening falls gently on this most Hawaiian of places.