Hawran

Hawran

or

Hauran

(hourän`) [Heb.,=hollow or cavernous land], region, SW Syria. It is a largely treeless area marked by conical volcanic peaks, barren lava fields, and rich lava soil. In the northeast are the Druze Mts., many of whose numerous caverns were once inhabited. Major towns are Deraa, Busra esh-Sham, and Izra, which date back to Hellenistic times. Grains and fruits (including grapes) are grown in Hawran. Most of the inhabitants are DruzeDruze
or Druse
, religious community of Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan, with important overseas branches in the Americas and Australia. The religious leadership prefers the name Muwahhidun (Unitarians).
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, who migrated from Lebanon in the 18th and 19th cent. Hawran belonged, at least in part, to the biblical kingdom of Bashan, which the Israelites conquered. Designated the northeast boundary of the Promised Land, Hawran later became the Roman province of Auranitis. The region was converted to Christianity by the late 2d cent. and prospered until the Arab invasion of the 7th cent. During the Crusades, Muslims who were driven out of Palestine moved to Hawran to make a stand against the Christians. The region has many ancient towns whose buildings and furniture are made entirely of lava; about 300 of these "giant cities of Bashan" have been located. Inscriptions in Greek, Latin, Arabic, and Sabaean (southern Arabic) abound.
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Seventeen ISIL militants were reportedly killed in an army airstrike near Wadi Hawran, North of Rutba in West of Anbar on Saturday.
Although not farmers, the `Annizah levied crops from the inhabitants and only spent the winter months in the area, while migrating northwards into southern Syria in the summer, where they collected tribute from the inhabitants of Hawran.
The Syrian opposition rejected the first scenario, according to Raed Radi, commander of Falawaja Hawran.
Particular attention will be given to the study of a specific construction technique, the arch, and how it influenced the types and techniques of architectural construction between the 2nd and 8th centuries AD, starting in the territories of the Southern Hawran (nowadays Jordan and Syria), where the Hellenistic-Nabataean, Roman-Byzantine, Parthian-Sasanian and early Islamic architectural cultures met and influenced each other.
The terrorist organizations posted on their social media WebPages the death of the so called "Abu Raghad" one of the Jabhat al-Nusra prominent leaders in Hawran, clarifying that he was shot and killed by unknown side in Um al-Mayathen town, 10 km southeast of Daraa city.
The tourists were not back but new customers started showing up; being the new residents of Damascus, mostly internally displaced refugees from war-torn areas who flocked to Damascus from places like Aleppo, Raqqa, Deir Al Zor, Idlib, Homs, Hawran, and the Damascus countryside.
The attack targeted the Amud Hawran rebel militia based in Busr al-Harir but several other Deraa-based groups, including Ahrar al-Sham and the Nusra Front, rushed in reinforcements to stave off the regime assault.
Part of the larger geographical feature of the Hawran plain that extends from the southern suburbs of Damascus to northern Jordan, Dar'a has traditionally been a rich agricultural region of settled Arab tribes that stood on the edge of the Syrian Desert.
MAKING MUSIC: At the Live and Unsigned auditions, above, Thomas Hawran and Martyn Alderman of Quentin's Basement.
On Saturday, 138 members of the ruling Baath Party in the southern Hawran region (where Deraa is located) resigned to protest the brutal crackdown.
Last Monday, the genetic analysis products maker's board said it fired president and Chief Executive Harry Stylli and research chief Elizabeth Dragon and obtained the resignation of Chief Financial Officer Paul Hawran.