Hay Baling

Hay Baling


the mechanized compaction of loose hay to form bundles, or bales, of various sizes and densities. In the USSR, hay is usually compacted into bales of 35 × 45 × 85 cm. With a moisture level of 20 percent during baling, a bale weighs between 30 and 45 kg (depending on the kind of hay). Baling is done by pick-up balers (from windrows) or stationary balers (from stacks and ricks).

Baling cuts harvest losses to a minimum during transport and preparation for storage. The volume of compacted hay is five to eight times less than that of loose hay. The most valuable parts of the plant (leaves and flowers), as well as its aroma, color, and vitamins (carotene), are preserved better in bales. Compacted hay is less hygroscopic and therefore less subject to spoilage from atmospheric precipitation than loose hay. Hay with moisture levels as high as 25 percent can be baled. It is best to compact hay that is uniform in composition: grass or legume (without admixtures of poor-drying forbs). In the USSR, 12 to 15 percent of the hay is compacted. In many Western European countries (Great Britain, the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, Denmark), the United States, and Canada, most of the hay is baled.


Senokosy i pastbishcha. Edited by I. V. Larin. Moscow, 1969.


References in periodicals archive ?
This is my recollection of hay baling and threshing peanuts at the same time, starting in 1957.
Although the grunts know little about the science and details of hay baling, I will offer my best attempt at describing this form of agriculture torture.
THE Health and Safety Executive has warned on the dangers of working with hay baling machines following the deaths of two Staffordshire farmers.
His best known manufacturing contribution in the ag industry is the Vermeer round hay baler, an invention that revolutionized agriculture in 1971 as it turned the labor-intensive process of hay baling into a one-man operation.
Featuring Daily Threshing and Stationary hay baling
A MAN has died after an accident with a hay baling machine at a farm in Staffordshire.
29) Show features an antique tractor pull, steam and gas threshing, stationary engine display, hay baling, saw mill, shingle mill & planer, shingle branding, working blacksmith & machine shop, tractor balance, slow tractor race, parade of power, kids barrel ride, people mover, arts & crafts, steamed corn on the cob, Dutch oven bread baking, and musical entertainment.
The evolution of hay baling equipment was celebrated in a unique display put on last summer by the Old Steam and Gas Club, Adamsville, Ohio.