Haifa

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Haifa

(hī`fä), city (1994 pop. 246,700), NW Israel, a port on the Mediterranean Sea, at the foot of Mt. Carmel. Haifa is the chief city of N Israel and the country's principal oil refining center. Along with AshdodAshdod
[Heb.,=stronghold], city (1994 pop. 120,100), SW Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea. It is Israel's leading port after Haifa. Construction is Ashdod's main industry; its manufactures include synthetic fibers, woolen yarn, and knitted goods.
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, Haifa is one of Israel's main ports and handles oceangoing vessels, including oil tankers. Industries include steel, shipbuilding, textiles, chemicals, high-tech electronics, and food processing. Haifa is known to have existed by the 3d cent. A.D. but was of little importance during early Muslim times. The Crusaders, who called it Caiffa or Caiphas, developed it commercially. Destroyed by SaladinSaladin
, Arabic Salah ad-Din, 1137?–1193, Muslim warrior and Ayyubid sultan of Egypt, the great opponent of the Crusaders, b. Mesopotamia, of Kurdish descent.
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 in 1191, it began to revive in the late 18th cent. The city's main growth occurred in the 20th cent. with the development of its port. Haifa was contested by Jews and Arabs in the 1948–49 war because of its industrial importance. By the late 20th cent. the city's population was largely Jewish, although Muslims, Christians, and Druze continued to live in the area. Haifa was a target of Iraqi missiles during the Persian Gulf WarPersian Gulf Wars,
two conflicts involving Iraq and U.S.-led coalitions in the late 20th and early 21st cent.

The First Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War, Jan.–Feb.
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 and Hezbollah missiles launched from S Lebanon in 2006. Haifa Univ. and the Technion (Israel Institute of Technology; est. 1924) are there. Haifa is the world center of Baha'iBaha'i
, religion founded by Baha Ullah (born Mirza Huseyn Ali Nuri) and promulgated by his eldest son, Abdul Baha (1844–1921). It is a doctrinal outgrowth of Babism, with Baha Ullah as the Promised One of the earlier religion.
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 and the site of the shrine of Bab and a Baha'i temple.

Haifa

 

a city in Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea. Population 225,800 (December 1974). Israel’s chief port, Haifa handled 4.7 million tons of freight in 1975. The city is a railroad and highway junction. Industry is represented by oil refining, ferrous metallurgy, metalworking, food processing, and the production of textiles, glass, cement, and motor vehicles. Haifa also has chemical and rubber industries. It is the terminus of an oil pipeline from Elath.

The remains of a Crusader fortress and of a hospital (1964) are noteworthy. The modern city stretches from the port, where the city’s industrial and business areas are located, to the top of Mount Carmel. Wealthy residential areas with private houses are found on the slopes of the mountain. The complex of the Israel Institute of Technology (Technion) is of particular interest; notable are the buildings of the faculty of aeronautical engineering (1953–54) and the Coastal and Ocean Engineering Center (1957–58). Haifa has museums of ancient, modern, and Japanese art.

Haifa

a port in NW Israel, near Mount Carmel, on the Bay of Acre: Israel's chief port, with an oil refinery and other heavy industry. Pop.: 269 400 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Husayn Ighbariya, Hayfa al-Tarikh wa al-Dhakira (Haifa History and Memory) (Haifa: Jam'iyat al-Tatwir al-Ijtima'i, 2001).
Ghassan Kanafani, 'A'id ila Hayfa (Beirut: Dar al-'Awda, 1970 [1969]; English translation: Ghassan Kanafani, Palestine's Children, tr.
Funds Princess Hayfa contributed to a Saudi woman who claimed to be in need of medical assistance found their way into the hands of a friend of the woman's husband.
The prince also commended the bank for its partnership in the campaign, in the presence of Princess Hayfa Faisal Abdulaziz, chairman of Zahra Breast Cancer Association.
Cast: Gahtan Al-Gahtani, Ali Al-Gurair, Hayfa Hussain and Mariam Ziman
HAYFA (CyHAN)- At least 44 Palestinians were killed and 227 others wounded by "Israeli actions" at seven UN schools in the 2014 Gaza War, according to a UN report, which is due to be handed to the International Criminal Court.
Hayfa Naeem now works in the Jabalia Rehabilitation Center in the media division, where the department highlights the needs of the children in her community.
1934'te 1 milyon ton civarinda olan Kerkuk petrol uretimi 1938'de 4,4 milyon tona yukselmis, bunun 2,2 milyon tonu Trablus (Tripoli), 2 milyon tonu Hayfa (Haifa) Boru Hatti'ndan olmak uzere uretimin yuzde 95'e varan kismi Avrupa'ya ihrac edilmistir (Sekil 1).
Albareh Art Gallery in Adliya curator and owner Hayfa Al Jishi stressed the importance of the Spring of Culture events to Bahrain and said calls to cancel such events were "short-sighted".
Bahraini film personalities to walk the red carpet include Hayfa Hussain, Mariam Zeman, Ameen Saleh, Fareed Ramadan, Hassan Haddad, Ghahtan Al Gahtani, Khalid Al Rowaiei, Ali Al Gherer and Parween Atiya.
These include Ibrahim Al-Sallal, Jassem Al-Nabhan, Hayat Al-Fahad, Khaled Al-Obaid, Suad Abdullah, Saad Al-Faraj, Suleiman Hezami, Suleiman Al-Yassin, Abdulhussain Abdelredha, Abdulrahman Al-Aqel, Abdulaziz Al-Haddad, Abdulaziz Al-Sarayye', Abdullah Al-Hubail, Awatef Al-Bader, Fuad Al-Shatti, Mohammad Al-Mansour, Mohammad Abdulaziz, Mohammad Jaber, Maryam Al-Saleh and Hayfa Adel.
Dr Hayfa Al Kindari caused a storm in the northern Arabian Gulf emirate when she talked about the existence of harassment problems at the University of Kuwait.