Hazara


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Hazara

 

(also Hazaras), a nationality of Mongol origin that inhabits Hazarajat, the central, mountainous region of Afghanistan. According to a 1975 estimate, the Hazara number approximately 1.5 million. They speak Hazaragi, a special dialect of Tadzhik that contains many Mongolian and Turkic words, and profess Shiism. The Hazara engage chiefly in dry and irrigation farming and in livestock raising; the most developed handicraft is weaving. A lack of land, the dissolution of the rural commune, and the development of capitalist relations have forced the Hazara to seek work as farmhands in increasing numbers; the migration to urban areas is assuming mass proportions. The Hazara long retained their independence. In 1892 the Afghan emir, Ab-der-Rahman Khan, conquered Hazarajat with the help of Afghan nomads, for whom he set aside summer pasturelands in the region.

REFERENCES

Narody Perednei Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1957.
Davydov, A. D. Afganskaia derevnia. Moscow, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
The project considered by the people as a 'gift' by Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif was a long standing demand of the people of Hazara Division to have a fast and safe track for reaching their destinations in short possible time.
He issued these directives while receiving briefing on Hazara Motorway.
The intrigues behind the Hazara move are exposed here to know the essence of this controversial matter.
Hazara, who are distinguishable by their Mongolian features (they are believed to be the descendants of the soldiers of Genghis Khan), have been shot at, bombed at and stabbed in what appears to be a coordinated campaign of violence against this small ethnic group in Pakistan.
Earlier, Sardar Shajehan Yousuf on a point of order said that the provincial police department of KP has nominated him, his father and other leadership of Hazara for April 12 incident, despite the fact that he was out of the country at that time.
Zaman said although the people of Hazara were pro-Pakistan, but a separate Hazara province had become a matter of their pride.
One of the worst such incidents occurred less than ten years ago in the spring of 1997 when the Taliban briefly captured the northern city of Mazar-e-Sharif and brutalized and murdered Uzbek and Hazara civilians.
In the Indonesian refugee camp I have two `sons' who call me mother, one is Pashtun and one is Hazara.
Mousa Hesari, 31, became the third Hazara individual officially recognized as a refugee in Japan, according to the international cooperation body of Catholic Osaka archdiocese supporting the former fighter.
Secretary Pakistan Table Tennis Federation Kifayat Ullah Orakzai, Director Sports Hazara University and former international athlete Mohammad Iqbal, officials, players and large number of students spectators were also present during the colorful opening ceremony.
Peshawar won gold medal in 49kg, 60kg, 69kg, 75kg, 81kg and plus 91kg with one silver and one bronze medal, followed by Hazara with three gold medal in 46kg, 52kg, 64kg and four bronze medals while Mardan with one gold in 56kg and three bronze medal.
Bruce Hazara', who recreates the poses of the martial arts legend on Facebook, has become a cult figure, appearing on al-Jazeera and across global mediaWith his shock of black hair and calmly handsome features, 20-year-old Abbas Alizada is the spitting image of a certain famous martial artist and film star – and armed with some nunchuks and a vest, he transforms himself into Bruce Hazara, Afghanistan's premier Bruce Lee impersonator.