Hazara


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Hazara

 

(also Hazaras), a nationality of Mongol origin that inhabits Hazarajat, the central, mountainous region of Afghanistan. According to a 1975 estimate, the Hazara number approximately 1.5 million. They speak Hazaragi, a special dialect of Tadzhik that contains many Mongolian and Turkic words, and profess Shiism. The Hazara engage chiefly in dry and irrigation farming and in livestock raising; the most developed handicraft is weaving. A lack of land, the dissolution of the rural commune, and the development of capitalist relations have forced the Hazara to seek work as farmhands in increasing numbers; the migration to urban areas is assuming mass proportions. The Hazara long retained their independence. In 1892 the Afghan emir, Ab-der-Rahman Khan, conquered Hazarajat with the help of Afghan nomads, for whom he set aside summer pasturelands in the region.

REFERENCES

Narody Perednei Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1957.
Davydov, A. D. Afganskaia derevnia. Moscow, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
On 2 October 2014, Alrasool Islamic Center in Salt Lake City observed Hazara Solidarity day.
He said that Hazara and Pakhtun masses could easily resolve their differences in their own province, and did not need to take the issue to streets of Karachi.
Abdur Raza Razai, a Hazara representative from Maidan Wardak, told the house that Kuchis had torched 25 Hazara villages, killing three people and injuring several others.
He said that Hazara motorway was a historical project and former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has fulfilled all of his election promises to the masses of Hazara division.
About 28,500 vehicles will commute on Hazara Motorway with substantial reduction in travel time.
The participants -- writers, poets, researchers and those from other walks of life -- were from Hazara, Peshawar, Islamabad and Azad Jammu Kashmir.
With the help of hundreds of thousands of Hazaras' around the world, in a few years, Hazara People International Network has been able to bring together all Hazaras for the celebration of October 1st as Worldwide Hazara Solidarity Day and change it into an occasion through which the voices of Hazaras would be heard by International Community at least once a year.
PMLN Parliamentary leader in KPK Assembly Sardar Aurangzeb Naloth a while talking to media said that during the last seventy years this was the only mega project which would change the fate of the people of Hazara and rest of the country.
He entered the literary scene of Hazara way back in 1964 and has to his credit 33 other books and publications, eight of them being in the Hindko language.
positions in Hazara region said that, the two circles Mansehra and Abbottabad were
They told Dawn that Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi had inaugurated the 47km Burhan-Shah Maqsood section of Hazara Motorway on Dec 27 with the National Highway Authority beginning to collect the toll the next day at different rates through authorised contractors.
He lauded the efforts of the Hazara Union of Journalists for resolving the issues of journalist community.