Hazara


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Hazara

 

(also Hazaras), a nationality of Mongol origin that inhabits Hazarajat, the central, mountainous region of Afghanistan. According to a 1975 estimate, the Hazara number approximately 1.5 million. They speak Hazaragi, a special dialect of Tadzhik that contains many Mongolian and Turkic words, and profess Shiism. The Hazara engage chiefly in dry and irrigation farming and in livestock raising; the most developed handicraft is weaving. A lack of land, the dissolution of the rural commune, and the development of capitalist relations have forced the Hazara to seek work as farmhands in increasing numbers; the migration to urban areas is assuming mass proportions. The Hazara long retained their independence. In 1892 the Afghan emir, Ab-der-Rahman Khan, conquered Hazarajat with the help of Afghan nomads, for whom he set aside summer pasturelands in the region.

REFERENCES

Narody Perednei Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1957.
Davydov, A. D. Afganskaia derevnia. Moscow, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
positions in Hazara region said that, the two circles Mansehra and Abbottabad were
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He cautioned that any deviation from original plan and lesser attention to Hazara would force them to launch another forceful movement for a separate province.
Hazara, who are distinguishable by their Mongolian features (they are believed to be the descendants of the soldiers of Genghis Khan), have been shot at, bombed at and stabbed in what appears to be a coordinated campaign of violence against this small ethnic group in Pakistan.
The majority of the region's residents are Hazara, a persecuted Persian-speaking ethnic group who make up about 15 per cent of the country's estimated 28-million-strong population; ABOVE: Hazara villages photographed from the Hindu Kush range between Kabul and Bamyan.
The people who had damaged the peaceful environment of Hazara will face action while the provoking sentiments would be minimised, he maintained.
LAHORE, May 19 -- Hazara Province Movement (HPM) chief Haider Zaman has hinted at launching a civil disobedience movement if the government fails to agree to their demand for the establishment of Hazara province.