(redirected from Head pain)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to Head pain: migraine


pain in the head, caused by dilation of cerebral arteries, muscle contraction, insufficient oxygen in the cerebral blood, reaction to drugs, etc.



one of the most frequent symptoms of various diseases.

Headache arises chiefly in response to irritation of the nerve endings (receptors) of the meninges, venous sinuses, and tunicary and cerebral vessels. Leading factors in the development of a headache include inflammatory affection of the meninges (resulting in irritation of the meningovascular receptors by toxins of the pathogenic agent), compression of the receptors by edema in brain tumors and other accumulative processes (for example, abscess, tuberculoma, and cys-ticercosis), impairment of the circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid accompanied by an elevation in intracranial pressure, vascular diseases (hypertension, hypotension, migraine) that cause a change in extracranial and intracranial vascular tone, chronic cardiovascular insufficiency (for example, congestion of the cerebral veins), and infectious diseases and intoxication accompanied by toxic irritation of the nerve endings. Headache also arises through affection of the cervical nerve roots of the spinal cord and affection of the perivascular neuroplexuses of the major blood vessels of the head (for example, in cervical migraine).

Localization of the headache and determination of its character, time of appearance, and other features are important in discovering its causes. Its course and accompanying signs should also be taken into account. Neurological examination and examination of the internal organs, eyes (vision, fundus oculi, intraocular pressure), ears, paranasal sinuses, endocrine glands, and cerebrospinal fluid are also necessary. In a number of cases physicians also make use of cranial roentgenography, electroencephalography, angioenceph-alography or pneumoencephalography, and rheoenceph-alography.

Treatment includes elimination of the cause of the headache and the prescription of preparations (vasodilative or vasoconstrictive, decreasing intracranial pressure [dehydrating], and analgetic) that counteract the cause of the headache.


Platonova, E. P. Golovnye boli. Moscow, 1960.
Botez, M., and R. Şerbánescu. Algille craniene şi craniofaciale: Fiziopatologie, Diagnosti, Tratament. Bucharest, 1965.
Heyck, H. Bóle gtowy. Warsaw, 1960.



A deep form of pain, with a characteristic aching quality, localized in the head.
References in periodicals archive ?
But Faye said the minute there are any problems with his shunt or if he suffers any head pain, photophobia or vomiting, he has to go to Alder Hey to be seen by a neurosurgeon.
The findings, published in the journal BMC Neurology, show that listening to one or two hours of music every day was linked to head pain.
The findings suggest that a lack of exercise may be a risk factor for developing non- migraine headaches and that exercise is a challenge for people already suffering from any form of head pain.
She was diagnosed with cerebral palsy with right hemiplegia, chronic head pain, memory deficits, motor dysfunction, and many other deficits.
The chapter on head pain is, not altogether surprisingly, the longest by a narrow margin, but the author proves equally sound when discussing neck, thoracic, low back, abdominal and extremity pain, as well as the dreaded but not uncommon problem of total body pain.
He was still having severe head pain after the surgery.
The driver of the Boro Cars Ford Mondeo private hire cab was complaining of neck pain and head pain but his injuries were not believed life threatening.
Most of us are focused on the head pain, but when you talk to patients, many [of them] will say they are not disabled by the head pain as much as they are by some of the migraine-associated features such as nausea and vomiting.
What they are: Throbbing head pain, usually on one side of the head, often accompanied by nausea or sensitivity to light and sound.
After those initial symptoms comes intense throbbing head pain, nausea and vomiting.
This is characterized by sudden, very brief, relatively focal episodes of paroxysmal head pain, almost always in a distribution characteristic of the V1, the ophthalmic branch of the fifth cranial nerve.
Having lived with intense head pain from a botched brain surgery 10 years ago, I've tried many things to help me with this problem.