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in the Soviet system of government, the organized promotion of leading workers and peasants to positions of leadership in state, economic, cooperative, trade-union, and other administrative and ruling bodies. On the eve of the October Revolution and in the first years of Soviet power, Lenin raised the question of involving the workers in state administration. This task was put on a practical basis in the resolutions of the Seventh, Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh, and Thirteenth Party Congresses, as well as the Decree of the Central Committee of the ACP (Bolshevik) of Mar. 7, 1927, “On the Tasks of the Party in Promoting Workers and Peasants to the State Administrative Bodies.”

The promotion policy directed by the Communist Party played a major role in breaking up the old state system and creating the new Soviet state organization as well as in forming the new Soviet intelligentsia and strengthening the dictatorship of the proletariat. The selection of persons to be promoted was carried out through the Party and trade unions with the participation of broad masses of the working people. Qualified workers and peasants were promoted to leadership positions. They lacked specialized education but had high class consciousness and experience in life, and they had demonstrated organizational abilities in socialist construction. The promotion policy was most highly developed in the period of building the economic foundation of socialism in the USSR (1921-32). Under the promotion system, by the end of the First Five-Year Plan the leadership cadres of the nation had been increased by 800,000-900,000 persons. The promotion policy began to decline as a system in the early 1930’s. It was gradually replaced by the planned training of specialists in various Soviet secondary and advanced educational institutions.


Lenin, V. I. “Ocherednye zadachi Sovetskoi vlasti.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 36.
Lenin, V. I. “Gosudarstvo rabochikh i partiinaia nedelia.” Ibid., vol. 39.
Sostav Rukovodiashchikh rabotnikov i spetsialistov Soiuza SSR, SSR. Moscow, 1936. Pages 392, 457.
Rabochii klass v upravlenii gosudarstvom (1926-1937 gg.). Moscow,. 1968.
Sovetskaia intelligentsiia (Istoriia formiroaniia i rosta, 1917-1965 gg.). Moscow, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
The organization's programs must meet or exceed NCQA standards for wellness & health promotion, and the organization reports results for a specified number of NCQA Wellness & Health Promotion performance measures.
The aim of the trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of using occupational therapy health promotion as a preventative measure for independent-living older adults.
It recognizes that a client has a central role in their health promotion and disease management.
This can be seen in the order in which a variety of factors that can affect health are listed in the section on advocacy ("Political, economic, social, cultural, environmental, behavioural and biological") and in the order of what we now usually call the health promotion strategies: Healthy public policy, supportive environments, strengthened community action, personal skills and reoriented health services.
We also used logistic regression to determine whether the type of CAM use (Treatment Users versus Health Promotion Users) predicted dichotomized health status and health behaviors while controlling for sociodemographic characteristics; and whether the type of CAM use predicted use of conventional health services, while controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, health status, and health behavior covariates.
Choice of four following back care and posture health promotion workshops (up to 25 participants in each workshop):
Furthermore, it is evident that both injury prevention and health promotion efforts often mean advocating for underserved groups, and both books dedicate entire chapters to the cultural appropriateness of interventions for minorities and to advocacy.
Entries to the competition, which closes on November 30, should be submitted in hard and electronic copies to the Health Promotion Directorate, located next to the Salmaniya Medical Complex.
The cover letter outlined the purpose of the survey, which was 1) to determine the current status of their worksite health promotion efforts; 2) to gauge the feasibility of implementing worksite health promotion programs on their campuses; and 3) to assess their interest in participating in future health promotion programming and research.
During the screenings the oral health promotion team handed out goodies and advice to shoppers.
After conducting a nationally representative telephone survey of work site health promotion programs, researchers found that workplaces with more than 750 employees consistently offered more health promotion programs, policies and services than their smaller counterparts.
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to discuss the objectives for "Healthy People 2020," the American Nurses Association (ANA) is calling for representation of the nursing profession and nursing community on the HHS Secretary's Advisory Committee on National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives for 2020.

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