heartburn

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heartburn,

burning sensation beneath the breastbone, also called pyrosis. Heartburn does not indicate heart malfunction but results from nervous tension or overindulgence in food or drink. The sensation is produced by spasmodic constrictions of the esophagus accompanied or occasioned by regurgitation of stomach acids, which spread upward into the throat, and may result in belching or vomiting. Physical activity immediately following ingestion of food may exaggerate symptoms.

The discomfort can usually be relieved by taking alkaline preparations to counteract the excessive acidity (see antacidantacid,
any one of several basic substances that counteract stomach acidity (see stomach). Antacids are used by physicians to treat hyperchlorhydria, i.e., the excessive production of hydrochloric acid by the parietal cells lining the stomach.
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). Proper dietary habits, e.g., eating slowly, avoiding spicy foods, and a period of physical inactivity after eating, may prevent heartburn. Sometimes the condition is symptomatic of a disease of the digestive system, such as a stomach ulcer or gall bladder disorder.

Chronic heartburn, known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) increases the risk of esophageal cancer. Persistent recurrence should be called to the attention of a physician, and is often treated with drugs such as the H2-blockers ranitidine (Zantac), famotidine (Pepcid), and cimetidine (Tagamet) and the proton pump inhibitor omeprazole (Prilosec). Surgery in which the upper dome-shaped portion of the stomach is sutured around the lower esophagus to increase the pressure on the esophogeal side of the sphincter and prevent reflux is also used to treat GERD.

heartburn

[′härt‚bərn]
(medicine)
A burning sensation emanating from the esophagus below the sternum.

heartburn

a burning sensation beneath the breastbone caused by irritation of the oesophagus, as from regurgitation of the contents of the stomach
References in periodicals archive ?
This is because the human stomach has an incredible capacity to distend, and people can eat a lot more than their bodies can easily digest, which then leads to abdominal discomfort and heart burn, Dr Sabbour said.
Washington, July 17 (ANI): Obese mums-to-be are at an increased risk of suffering from minor complications such as heart burn and chest infections during pregnancy, a new study suggests.
This could increase acid reflux into the food pipe, causing heart burn and could even lead to sleep disorders, said Dr Rafique.
You can also try Pepcidtwo (from pharmacists) which contains antacids to calm heart burn within two minutes, plus an acid balancer which calms for 12 hours.
Heart burn was the next most prevalent health problem (16 per cent), followed by dehydration (13 per cent).
Increased acid levels in the empty stomach in Ramadan aggravate the peptic ulcers, heart burn and hiatus hernia.
A Nutritionist Ian Marber writes: Acid reflux, or heart burn as it is more commonly known, occurs when the acid in the stomach backs up into the oesophagus due to a faulty valve.
Sweets can worsen symptoms of acid reflux and heart burn," said Dr Mazin Al Jabiri, Consultant Gastroenterologist at Mediclinic, Dubai Mall, Dubai.
Consumption of such foods immediately after a fast results in acidity, heart burn and bloating.
ISLAMABAD -- A recent study has warned that frequent heart burns in adults may raise the risk of developing cancer.
If the above points are covered, there is a high chance that you will be able to have a seamless move with the least of heart burns.
In a related development, there were some heart burns within the PDP as well.