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For history, see JewsJews
[from Judah], traditionally, descendants of Judah, the fourth son of Jacob, whose tribe, with that of his half-brother Benjamin, made up the kingdom of Judah; historically, members of the worldwide community of adherents to Judaism.
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; for religion, see JudaismJudaism
, the religious beliefs and practices and the way of life of the Jews. The term itself was first used by Hellenized Jews to describe their religious practice, but it is of predominantly modern usage; it is not used in the Bible or in Rabbinic literature and only rarely
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an anonymous New Testament homily with closing greetings normally associated with the letter genre, written before c.A.D. 96. It is addressed to Jewish Christians who were being pressured to renounce their confidence in Jesus. The first part is an argument that Christ is superior to the angels and to Moses; it closes with an exhortation to faith in the form of a commentary on a passage from Psalm 95. Jesus' priesthood is of the eternal order of Melchizedek, which replaces the levitical priesthood of AaronAaron
, in the Bible, the brother of Moses and his spokesman in Egypt, and the first high priest of the Hebrews. He is presented as the instrument of God in performing many signs, such as the turning of his rod into a serpent and causing the rod to bud, blossom, and bear almonds.
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. His sacrifice of himself is superior to and supersedes the incessant round of sacrifices offered by the levitical priests because it effects expiation of sins and the cleansing of the conscience once and for all. Chapter 11 celebrates the heroes of the faith, leading into a concluding exhortation to endurance and godly living.


See studies by F. F. Bruce (rev. ed. 1988) and W. L. Lane (1991).


a book of the New Testament
References in periodicals archive ?
After this momentous liberation of the Hebrew people, the importance of the Book of Exodus in terms of the giving of the Ten Commandments through Moses and how the people would worship the Lord is missing.
For both Reinhold and Schiller religion is a counter-fantasy, which Moses either adopts (Reinhold) or invents (Schiller) to make the abstract concept of truth appealing to the Hebrew people.
In fact, those members of our Craft who are students of Occult Science state the esoteric ceremonies of Freemasonry are of Egyptian origin but that following the enslavement of the Hebrew people in Egypt, Moses, because of his position of great power gradually transformed those ceremonies from Egyptian to Hebrew traditions, and that is the reason one finds so much of Judaism in our ceremonies.
In fact, the researchers hope to document the dispersal of the original Hebrew people from which Jews originated by studying the frequency with which the cohanim chromosome appears in various Jewish and non-Jewish populations worldwide.
It was this sort of faith that drew the Hebrew people out of the lush Nile River Valley of Egypt and into the barren Sinai Desert more than 3,000 years ago.
The First Chronicle contains elaborate genealogies that trace the Jewish ancestry back to Adam and tells of the history of David's reign and the honor he brought to the Hebrew people.
Therefore they mark a period of transition for the Hebrew people and a need to recover lost tradition.
The ancient Greek philosophers and the Hebrew people knew everything came from God and that it was therefore good.
In Sunday's first reading, the Hebrew people are in the wilderness, on the verge of entering the Promised Land after wandering for 40 years.
In the Ephesians text we have perhaps the "second circle" of community, the promise that not only kin will be included in God's family but also those traditionally thought by the Hebrew people of Jesus' time to be "outsiders"--the Gentiles.
Remembering the mighty deeds of God, the Hebrew people believed that his saving, liberating power was present to them.
In the Old Testament, the founder and first patriarch of the Hebrew people.