Hebrides

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Hebrides

 

an archipelago, part of Great Britain, in the Atlantic Ocean off the west coast of Scotland and comprising approximately 500 islands, of which about 100 are inhabited. Total area, 7,500 sq km.

The Outer Hebrides are separated from the Inner Hebrides by the straits of The Minch and the Little Minch and by the Sea of the Hebrides. The Inner Hebrides include the islands of Skye, Mull, Islay, Jura, and Rum. The terrain consists mainly of rugged hilly and low mountain country (200-600 m), typically of Cenozoic effusive rock. On the islands of Skye and Mull individual cone-shaped peaks rise above the volcanic plateaus—for example, in the Cuillin Hills on Skye, which reach 1,009 m. In the Outer Hebrides, which include the islands of Lewis, North Uist, South Uist, and Barra, socle lowlands predominate (100-150 m), consisting primarily of Archaean rock (mostly gneiss). In some places there are small massifs rising to a height of 799 m and often containing Paleozoic intrusions. There are many traces of the Pleistocene glaciation, such as troughs, cirques and boulder belts. The islands have a damp maritime climate with average July temperatures of 12°-14° C and average January temperatures of 4°-6° C; annual precipitation is between 1,000 and 2,000 mm. The meadow soils consist of coarse humic and peaty turf. Steep, bare slopes are the rule, but now and then birch groves and heath may be seen, and peat bogs cover the gentler slopes. The population is engaged mainly in fishing and cattle breeding. Tweed manufacture and the tourist industry are also important.

L. R. SEREBRIANNYI

References in periodicals archive ?
As Minister for Transport and Islands, I m well aware the crucial role our ferry network plays for the communities of the Clyde and Hebrides.
The Outer Hebrides were fifth in the index, one above Orkney, but average income was just PS15,000 - 135th of the 170 areas on the index.
Situated on Europe's Atlantic edge, the Outer Hebrides are a diverse chain of inter-connected islands with their own unique way of life and an abundant assortment of attractions and entertainment.
Raisco is currently working on five jobs, totalling more than PS700,000, at Bude in the South West, Taunton in Somerset, Sterling in Scotland and North Uist in the Outer Hebrides, as well as another contract nearer to home in Newcastle.
Among its current contracts is a 135-tonne school building project in the Outer Hebrides for Robertson Construction - work that proved challenging given the impact of ferry strikes limiting crossings from mainland Scotland.
Luing cattle are a beef breed developed on the island of Luing in the Inner Hebrides.
Also included in the work are stories of a Blyth man who built a boat and discovered the New Hebrides, a local potter who built a full size prehistoric animal and life-size kings and queens for two black and white silent films in Hollywood, and the Cambois miner who captured his experiences as a gunner in the First World War in pencil in a small pocket diary later discovered by his grandson.
Mike Cantlay, Chairman of VisitScotland, said: 'The Inner and Outer Hebrides have given a wonderful backdrop for our Year of Natural Scotland 2013 campaign, which has been boosted enormously by the Hebrides: Island on the Edge programme.
A spokesman added last night: "Because ash concentrations exceed the levels agreed safe by engine manufacturers, airspace over the Outer Hebrides was closed to operations from 6pm.
Airspace over the Outer Hebrides was closed to all operations at 6pm following advice from the Met Office.
Wildlife biologists from the Food and Environment Research Agency have been working to eradicate mink, which escaped from fur farms and now live wild on the Outer Hebrides.
With such a cruel twist of fate, it may come as a surprise to learn that the Outer Hebrides is one of the most religious places in Britain.