Hebrides

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Hebrides

 

an archipelago, part of Great Britain, in the Atlantic Ocean off the west coast of Scotland and comprising approximately 500 islands, of which about 100 are inhabited. Total area, 7,500 sq km.

The Outer Hebrides are separated from the Inner Hebrides by the straits of The Minch and the Little Minch and by the Sea of the Hebrides. The Inner Hebrides include the islands of Skye, Mull, Islay, Jura, and Rum. The terrain consists mainly of rugged hilly and low mountain country (200-600 m), typically of Cenozoic effusive rock. On the islands of Skye and Mull individual cone-shaped peaks rise above the volcanic plateaus—for example, in the Cuillin Hills on Skye, which reach 1,009 m. In the Outer Hebrides, which include the islands of Lewis, North Uist, South Uist, and Barra, socle lowlands predominate (100-150 m), consisting primarily of Archaean rock (mostly gneiss). In some places there are small massifs rising to a height of 799 m and often containing Paleozoic intrusions. There are many traces of the Pleistocene glaciation, such as troughs, cirques and boulder belts. The islands have a damp maritime climate with average July temperatures of 12°-14° C and average January temperatures of 4°-6° C; annual precipitation is between 1,000 and 2,000 mm. The meadow soils consist of coarse humic and peaty turf. Steep, bare slopes are the rule, but now and then birch groves and heath may be seen, and peat bogs cover the gentler slopes. The population is engaged mainly in fishing and cattle breeding. Tweed manufacture and the tourist industry are also important.

L. R. SEREBRIANNYI

References in periodicals archive ?
The Hebridean Princess vessel is a five star cruise vessel which can carry 50 passengers.
The Stornoway Water Biscuit with Hebridean Seaweed is made at Stag's bakery on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides and was only launched in July after the Bakery set out to create a range with provenance and, because of their location, it naturally had to incorporate a taste of the sea.
LUXURY: Cruise ship MV Hebridean Princess passing Liverpool Pier Head, and, inset, on another cruise
The pre-cruise rail journeys end with a chauffeur service to Oban for a one night, as well as dinner, accommodation, and a breakfast at the elegant Isle of Eriska Hotel, before guests board the Hebridean Princess for their cruise journey.
HSE Inspector Victoria Wise told the court the Hebridean Princess, built in 1964, had a refit and was bought in April 2009 by All Leisure Holidays Ltd.
Queen Elizabeth accompanied by the Prince of Wales, left, the Duke of Edinburgh, second from right, Princess Eugenie, back left, Princess Beatrice, their father the Duke of York, back centre, and the Princess Royal''s husband Vice Admiral Timothy Laurence at the Castle of Mey after coming off the Hebridean Princess boat after a private family holiday around the Western Isles of Scotland
Luxury cruise ship the Hebridean Princess has been privately chartered by the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh for a family holiday in the Western Isles.
Newspapers from that month proclaimed these immigrants to be a vanguard of sorts, the first of hundreds if not thousands of Hebridean settlers who would farm the open spaces and trawl the bountiful waters of that state.
Many items, from felted headbands to woollen earrings and hand-knitted socks, were paraded to visitors on the event's Sheepwalk - a woolly take on the catwalk Organiser Chrissie Menzies said: "For the first time since we came up with the idea, we actually had some live sheep on the platform, helping representatives of the Hebridean Sheep Society show off the uses for their beautiful wool.
MONTY HALLS'S GREAT HEBRIDEAN ESCAPE (Wednesday, BBC2, 9pm) features the ex-Marine living out the stuff of dreams for many.
Scottish salmon farmer Loch Duart has moved into the value-added sector with the acquisition of Hebridean smokery Salar Smokehouse.