Hebrides


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Hebrides

 

an archipelago, part of Great Britain, in the Atlantic Ocean off the west coast of Scotland and comprising approximately 500 islands, of which about 100 are inhabited. Total area, 7,500 sq km.

The Outer Hebrides are separated from the Inner Hebrides by the straits of The Minch and the Little Minch and by the Sea of the Hebrides. The Inner Hebrides include the islands of Skye, Mull, Islay, Jura, and Rum. The terrain consists mainly of rugged hilly and low mountain country (200-600 m), typically of Cenozoic effusive rock. On the islands of Skye and Mull individual cone-shaped peaks rise above the volcanic plateaus—for example, in the Cuillin Hills on Skye, which reach 1,009 m. In the Outer Hebrides, which include the islands of Lewis, North Uist, South Uist, and Barra, socle lowlands predominate (100-150 m), consisting primarily of Archaean rock (mostly gneiss). In some places there are small massifs rising to a height of 799 m and often containing Paleozoic intrusions. There are many traces of the Pleistocene glaciation, such as troughs, cirques and boulder belts. The islands have a damp maritime climate with average July temperatures of 12°-14° C and average January temperatures of 4°-6° C; annual precipitation is between 1,000 and 2,000 mm. The meadow soils consist of coarse humic and peaty turf. Steep, bare slopes are the rule, but now and then birch groves and heath may be seen, and peat bogs cover the gentler slopes. The population is engaged mainly in fishing and cattle breeding. Tweed manufacture and the tourist industry are also important.

L. R. SEREBRIANNYI

References in periodicals archive ?
Before New Mind | tellUs launched the first site in 2012, Outer Hebrides Tourism had around 80 members, but six months after the site went live, the membership had increased to 250.
The Outer Hebrides were fifth in the index, one above Orkney, but average income was just PS15,000 - 135th of the 170 areas on the index.
We remain focused on ensuring a fair and open competition that leads to getting the very best deal for all of the communities of the Clyde and Hebrides.
Raisco is currently working on five jobs, totalling more than PS700,000, at Bude in the South West, Taunton in Somerset, Sterling in Scotland and North Uist in the Outer Hebrides, as well as another contract nearer to home in Newcastle.
Among its current contracts is a 135-tonne school building project in the Outer Hebrides for Robertson Construction - work that proved challenging given the impact of ferry strikes limiting crossings from mainland Scotland.
Luing cattle are a beef breed developed on the island of Luing in the Inner Hebrides.
Also included in the work are stories of a Blyth man who built a boat and discovered the New Hebrides, a local potter who built a full size prehistoric animal and life-size kings and queens for two black and white silent films in Hollywood, and the Cambois miner who captured his experiences as a gunner in the First World War in pencil in a small pocket diary later discovered by his grandson.
As part of the Year of Natural Scotland 2013, VisitScotland has launched a new tourism campaign to promote the diverse landscapes of Inner and Outer Hebrides.
People said you could not grow grapes in the Outer Hebrides but we've proved you can grow anything.
The Outer Hebrides Inshore Fisheries Group (IFG) has approached Marine Scotland to legislate on management proposals it has developed to help improve the sustainability of these fisheries through the regulation of harvesting controls.
THE isle that is home to Countess Anne Granville and her family lies amongst the Outer Hebrides off the northernmost point of Scotland.
For the next five weeks, Quinn, a springer spaniel, will roam the Outer Hebrides, tracking down bee colonies.