Hecataeus of Abdera

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Hecataeus of Abdera


Lived in the fourth and third centuries B.C. Ancient Greek historian who lived in Egypt during the reign of Ptolemy I.

Hecataeus of Abdera was the author of several works, including On the Hyperboreans, fragments of which have been preserved; On the Poetry of Homer and Hesiod, which has not been preserved; and History of Egypt, fragments of which remain. Hecataeus’ History of Egypt is an original philosophical Utopia, in which he describes a harmonious state headed by a benevolent king and priests who are guardians of wise laws. Hecataeus extolled the significance of Egyptian culture and declared that all ancient culture had its source in Egypt.


Müller, C. Fragmenta historicorum graecorum, vol. 2. Paris, 1848. Pages 386-88.
In Russian translation:
In the collection A. O. Makovel’skii, “Gekatei iz Abdery.” Izv. Azerbaidzhanskogo un-ta, 1927, vols. 8-10, pp. 51-55.


References in periodicals archive ?
Philo promoted his own work as that of Sanchuniathon but could also denounce Hecataeus of Abdera on the Jews as a Jewish forgery.
17) Hecataeus of Abdera centralized the story of Io and her descendants in his account, likewise reasserting the chronological priority of Egypt and emphasizing the cultural contributions that Egypt had made to world history.
Diodorus, a compiler and epitomator, is our main source for Hecataeus of Abdera and other Hellenistic historians, although he himself visited Egypt some time between 60-56 BCE.
The texts chosen include the writings of Hecataeus of Abdera, Aristeas, both the Hebrew and Greek versions of Ben Sira, Jubilees, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, and Pseudo-Philo.
Hecataeus of Abdera, for instance, described the uniqueness of Jerusalem, its Temple, and people, as well as the success of Jewish society in preserving its ancestral traditions.