Heide

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Heide

(hī`də), town (1994 pop. 20,740), Schleswig-Holstein, N central Germany, in the center of the Dithmarschen oil fields. A trade center, it has one of the largest market squares in Germany, with particular emphasis being on cattle trade. Heide was the capital of the peasant republic of DithmarschenDithmarschen
, region, SW Schleswig-Holstein, N Germany, between the Elbe and Eider rivers. It is chiefly an agricultural region, with extensive cattle raising in the west. The eastern portion is a sandy upland. There are oil fields near Heide.
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 from 1447 until 1559, when it was destroyed by fire.