Heidelberg

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Heidelberg

(hī`dəlbĕrkh), city (1994 pop. 139,430), Baden-Württemberg, SW Germany, picturesquely situated on the Neckar River. Manufactures include machinery, precision instruments, leather goods, and tobacco and wood products. Most important to Heidelberg, however, is the tourism industry. Primarily focused on the Heidelberg Castle, the trade brings in several million visitors per year. Heidelberg was first mentioned in the 12th cent. In 1225 it was acquired by the count palatine of the Rhine and until 1720 was the residence of the electors palatine (see PalatinatePalatinate
, Ger. Pfalz, two regions of Germany. They are related historically, but not geographically. The Rhenish or Lower Palatinate (Ger.
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). The Univ. of Heidelberg (Ruprecht-Karl-Universität) was founded in 1386 by Elector Rupert I and is the oldest German-speaking university after those in Prague and Vienna. It became a bulwark of the Reformation in the 16th cent., declined after the Thirty Years War (1618–48), and, recovering after the French Revolutionary Wars, became the leading university of 19th-century Germany. Student life in 19th-century Heidelberg, with its duels, songs, and romance, has been much publicized. The university's professors have included noted theologians, the chemist R. W. Bunsen, and the sociologist Max Weber. Since 1952 the city has been the headquarters of the U.S. army in Europe. Heidelberg is famous for its ruined castle (built mainly in the 16th and early 17th cent.), which was largely destroyed by French troops in the late 17th cent. In the castle's cellar is the Heidelberg Tun, a gigantic wine cask with a capacity of c.58,080 gal (2,200 hectoliters). Other points of interest in Heidelberg include the city hall (1701–03) and the Philosophenweg (Philosopher's Way), a path overlooking the city. The Heidelberg Catechism was a profession of faith of the German Reformed (Calvinistic) Church, drawn up at the request of Elector Frederick III and published in 1563. It gained wide repute and was adopted by several Reformed churchesReformed churches,
in a general sense, all Protestant churches that claim a beginning in the Reformation. In more restricted and more usual historical usage, Reformed churches are those Protestant churches that had their ecclesiastical origin in the doctrines of John Calvin, as
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.

Heidelberg

 

a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, in the northern part of the Land of Baden-Wurttemberg, on the Neckar River near where it flows into the Rhine. Population, 123,000 (1968). Major industries include machine building, electrotechnical products, leather products, Pharmaceuticals, and surgical instruments. Site of the oldest German university, the University of Heidelberg.

Heidelberg, first mentioned in documents dating from the year 1196, came into the possession of the Wittelsbach family in 1225 and was the residence for the princes of the Rhineland-Palatinate until 1720. The city suffered heavy damage during the wars of the 17th century. In 1803, Heidelberg and part of Pfalz came under the jurisdiction of Baden.

On the left bank of the Neckar stands the elector’s castle, which was destroyed in the 17th century and only partially restored since. Those sections of the castle that have been preserved, including the Gläserner Saalbau (1544-46), as well as the Otto-Heinrichsbau (1556-59) and Friedrichsbau (1601-07) wings, are ranked among the finest monuments of the German Renaissance and early Baroque.

REFERENCE

Scherer, R. Schloss Heidelberg, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1947.

Heidelberg

a city in SW Germany, in NW Baden-Württemberg on the River Neckar: capital of the Palatinate from the 13th century until 1719; famous castle (begun in the 12th century) and university (1386), the oldest in Germany. Pop.: 142 959 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
He won the Johnnie Walker Classic in November - despite the date it counts towards this year's money list - and is also playing in the Deutsche Bank Open in Heidelburg in May.
43) But when Bellievre went back to the German duke in early August, Casimir, on the grounds that two of the rive hostages promised were missing, seized the minister and an assistant in their stead and carried them off bodily to Heidelburg.
54 For a description of how the Elector Palatine, Frederick V, expressed his power and dominion in his garden at Heidelburg Castle (created between July 1614 and October 1619) see Zimmerman, 97-118.
6 trip will highlight Christmas markets in Germany and Austria, with visits to the medieval town of Rothenburg, as well as Heidelburg and Munich in Germany and Scharding, Nurnberg and Salzburg in Austria.
Companies named as finalists for the Enterprise Project of the Year include: Coca-Cola Enterprises, Citizens Utility Board, and Lehigh Hanson / Heidelburg Cement.
IRISH coach Jim Moore has named two squads to take part in tournaments in Heidelburg, Germany and Vilnius, Lithuania this week.
L S Printworks,a commercial printers based on Amlwch Industrial Estate,can invest in a two colour Heidelburg Speedmaster press and an adjacent industrial unit to increase turnover and improve production facilities.
Fergus Sweeney kept the mare up to her work in the closing stages to see off Heidelburg.
The towering 6ft 7in Heidelburg born player with an English mum, Jennifer, and relatives here, popped into the fourth round with a 6-3, 6-4, 7-6 (7-3) win over Czech Jiri Novak.
She hit winning form at Nottingham two weeks ago when defeating Heidelburg by a length and a half over this trip.
This project will maintain 80 jobs; and -- York Railway Company, West Manchester, Jackson and Heidelburg, $244,860.
He then emigrated to Australia, where he coached Heidelburg in the Victoria State League and now runs his own business.

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