Heimwehr


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Heimwehr

 

(Home Defense Force), an armed organization in Austria that existed from 1919 to 1938. The Heimwehr was formed by the Austrian bourgeoisie to combat the working-class movement. In 1930 it adopted an openly fascist program of action; its leadership looked for inspiration to Fascist Italy, from which it received money and arms. In 1934, Heimwehr detachments helped put down an armed worker’s demonstration against reaction and fascism (seeFEBRUARY ARMED DEMONSTRATION OF 1934).

References in periodicals archive ?
By focusing too much on culture, the Socialists were not prepared to meet the direct political challenges of the Pan-Germans, the Heimwehr, the Christian Socials, and Nazi sympathizers.
Before going into this, a brief glimpse into the world of the thirties is needed to show that Fascist thought and movements were widespread throughout Europe by pointing not only to the Fascist regime in Italy but to the lesser known Romanian Iron Guard, the Hungarian Arrow Cross, the Slovak Hlinka Guards, the Austrian Heimwehr, and the Belgian followers of Leon Degrelle.
But, the Austrian Heimwehr or Home Guard, a paramilitary group, had many peasant members from traditionally volkish and anti-Semitic areas like Carinthia and Styria who combined religious distrust of Jews, hatred of socialism, and alienation from metropolitan Vienna.