Heinrich Brüning

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Brüning, Heinrich


Born Nov. 26, 1885, in Münster; died Mar. 30, 1970. German political figure.

From 1920 to 1930, Brüning held responsible positions in the Catholic trade union organization. In 1924 he was elected to the Reichstag, and in 1929 he became the leader of a splinter group of the Center Party. He had close ties with the Vatican. From March 1930 to May 1932 he was chancellor of the Reich. Brüning’s government made broad application of Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution of 1919 in order to pass extraordinary and antidemocratic laws. It also issued decrees lowering the wages of workers and servants and imposing new taxes on the working class, and it persecuted antifascist workers’ organizations, especially the Communist Party. The policies of Brüning’s government facilitated the establishment in Germany of an openly fascist dictatorship. In 1934, Brüning emigrated to the USA.

References in periodicals archive ?
WHEN was Heinrich Bruning appointed Chancellor of the |German Reich?
German Chancellor Angela Merkel also could have learned a lesson closer to home: It was the austerity policies enacted by Chancellor Heinrich Bruning in the early 1930s that plunged Germany deeper into depression and paved the way for the Nazi takeover.
Sections of the Vatican Secret Archives opened to scholars in September 2006 enable Ventresca to reveal Secretary of State Pacelli's reservations toward the Weimar Republic, especially its efforts to maintain a centrist government and the anger of one of the Catholic Center Party's leaders, Heinrich Bruning (chancellor, 1930-32), toward Pacelli for urging compromise with Hitler to gain a concordat with the government.
An Ishida multihead weigher capable of handling a variety of hard and sticky ingredients has enabled German snack food manufacturer Heinrich Bruning to cut giveaway of expensive ingredients to just 0.
Heinrich Bruning GmbH makes many tons of Studentenfutter each day at its Hamburg factory, This popular snack, so called because students nibble it while revising, has ingredients which differ greatly in size, form and hardness: raisins, cashews, Parana nuts, almonds, walnuts and hazel-nuts.
The son of a Prussian district judge, he became price commissioner in the government of Heinrich Bruning and remained in office when Hitler came to power in 1933.
Another gem of political analysis concerns Heinrich Bruning, the steely, pragmatic Catholic Center chancellor who ruled Germany by decree from 1930 to 1932.
Heinrich Bruning and the Dissolution of the Weimar Republic, by William L.
This insight should have been common knowledge; it was, after all, a major lesson of the austerity policies of President Herbert Hoover in the United States and Chancellor Heinrich Bruning in Weimar Germany in the early 1930s.
Heinrich Bruning, their choice to replace Muller, would govern by enacting presidential decrees rather than securing a parliamentary majority for measures deemed necessary to overcome the country's profound socio-pofitical malaise: massive unemployment and Hitler's National Socialists growing in strength with each election.