Heinrich Der Löwe

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Heinrich Der Löwe

 

Born 1129; died Aug. 6, 1195, in Braunschweig. Duke of Saxony (1142-80) and Bavaria (1156-80) from the Welf (Guelph) family.

Together with Albrecht der Bär, Heinrich led a crusade against the Slavs in 1147 that ended in failure. As a result of later campaigns beginning in 1160, he seized almost all of the lands of the Bodrichi tribe and became the owner of a huge territory to the east of the Elbe. Annihilating the Slavs and driving them to the east, Heinrich der Löwe settled German colonists on the seized lands. Heinrich’s growing strength gave rise to a conflict between him and Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. The latter used Heinrich’s refusal to participate in his Italian campaign as a reason to bring Heinrich to trial in 1180. Heinrich was then deprived of most of his possessions, so that only Braunschweig and Lüneburg remained in his hands.

References in periodicals archive ?
It symbolises Henry the Lion or Heinrich der Lowe (1129-1195), who was a member of the Welf dynasty, Duke of Saxony and Duke of Bavaria.
For Eckart Lutz the focus is two other courts (Henry II in London and Heinrich der Lowe in Braunschweig) and the legitimization of their rule with arguments from salvation history (more striking in the Rolandslied than in Chretien's Erec).