With the rise of German nationalism in the 19th century, Jewish historian Heinrich Graetz
"retrospectively" crafted a discrete identity for the ghettoised people - mapping their origin to an old kingdom and wandering exiles.
The Zionist movement would have been impossible were it not for the work of Heinrich Graetz
, the historian who created the historical image of the Jews which we all learned at school.
Hoffman's book explores the intensive effort to reclaim Jesus for the modern Jewish community through a detailed analysis of the writings of such leading Jewish scholars of the period as Moses Mendelssohn, Abraham Geiger, Heinrich Graetz
, and Kaufman Kohler, as well as Yiddish writers, often quite secular in their orientation, such as Chaim Zhitlovsky and Sholem Asch, whose works are largely unknown in dialogue circles today and who were deeply connected with the East European effort to develop a modern Jewish cultural identity.
If to demonstrate Hirsch's (unquestionably) controversial position about the nature of Torah, would it not have made more sense to cite a salient passage from Zacharias Frankel, or Abraham Geiger, or Heinrich Graetz
, with whom Hirsch actually disagreed on the very topic of the nature of the sacredness of Jewish texts?
The historian Heinrich Graetz
(History of the Jews) writes that: "Rashi's mantle fell upon his grandsons and sons-in-law, who were his greatest disciples.
Further testament to Saladin's tolerance comes from the eminent German-Jewish historian of the Nineteenth Century, Heinrich Graetz
Simon Dubnov (1860-1941), author of a comprehensive History of the Jews and numerous other seminal works, made his mark as the pre-eminent Jewish historian since Heinrich Graetz
8) Recognizing the serendipity involved, Heinrich Graetz
lauded Saladin as a friend of the Jews and "the model of royal magnanimity and chivalry in that barbarous age.