Heinrich Von Kleist


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Kleist, Heinrich Von

 

Born Oct. 18, 1777, in Frankfurt an der Oder; died Nov. 21, 1811, in Wansee, near Potsdam. German writer.

In the tragedies The Schroffenstein Family (published in 1803), Robert Guiskard (a fragment was preserved), and Penthesilea (1805–07; published in 1808) and in the drama Käthchen of Heilbronn, or Trial by Fire (1807; published in 1810), Kleist sought to combine elements of verisimilitude with the irrational and pathological in the actions of his protagonists. The comedy The Broken Pitcher (published in 1811) contains elements of social satire.

On the eve of the movement of liberation against Napoleon’s France, Kleist turned to national problems in verse, drama (The Warrior’s Battle, 1808; published in 1821), and the pamphlet (The German Catechism, 1809). At the same time, Kleist remained faithful to the Prussia of the Junkers, whose past he glorified in the drama Prince Friedrich of Homburg (1810; published in 1821). Kleist’s Short Stories (1810–11) are tensely dramatic and avoid any romantic idealization of the characters. The most important of the short stories is “Michael Kohlhaas” (1810).

Kleist’s legacy is the focus of pointed ideological debate. Marxist literary scholarship attempts to elucidate the humanistic tendencies characterizing his best works.

WORKS

Werke, vols. 1–2. Weimar, 1961.
In Russian translation:
P’esy. Moscow, 1962.
Dramy, Novelly. Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Mering, F. “Kleist.” In his book Literaturno-kriticheskie stat’i, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.
Berkovskii, N. Ia. “Kleist.” In the book Nemetskaia romanticheskaia povest’, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935.
Heinrich von Kleist. Darmstadt, 1967.

L. E. GENIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Die Geburt des Partisanen aus dem Geist der Poesie: Heinrich von Kleist und die Strategie der Befreiungskriege.
Imre Kurdi, "Liaisons dangereuses: Heinrich von Kleist, Der Findling, ein Kommentar," Jahrbuch der ungarischen Germanistik (1995), p.
4) Heinrich von Kleist, "On the Puppet Theater" in An Abyss Deep Enough, trans, and ed.
Desire's Sway: The Plays and Stories of Heinrich von Kleist.
Si bien dicha exasperacion a menudo le empujo a caer en un exceso de pasion, por lo cual Heinrich von Kleist grito sentimientos que apenas debieran haber sido simplemente dichos (extralimitacion propia de la epoca), de igual modo pueblan su obra tanto aspectos de la vida burguesa como acontecimientos historicos o legendarios.
Gerechtigkeit und ihre Vermittlung in Heinrich von Kleists Novelle Der Zweikampf' Recht und Gerechtigkeit bei Heinrich von Kleist.
2 AMOUR FOU (Jessica Hausner) One of the great films about the nature of love, Hausner's precisionist chronicle of the suicide pact between Heinrich von Kleist and Henriette Vogel draws on the paintings of Vermeer and Marie-Denise Villers and brilliantly employs lieder by Mozart and Beethoven--the most telling use of period performance since Straub-Huillet's 1968 Chronicle of Anna Magdalena Bach.
Heinrich von Kleist (10/18/1777-11/21/1811) depressive disorder
The focus is on the plays, stories, and essays of Heinrich von Kleist (1777-1811) who "speaks to the present age like few other writers of his time," state the editors in the introduction.
Selected Prose of Heinrich von Kleist collects six of these classic works and two of his related essays, their forbidding style and metaphysical moodiness deftly rendered in Wortsman's translation.
Su honda identidad francesa se origina a mi modo de ver en Marivaux, un escritor que el antiguo profesor de literatura nacido como Jean-Marie Scherer nunca adapto--convertido en el cineasta Eric Rohmer--en sus peliculas de epoca extraidas de autores clasicos (Chretien de Troyes, Jules Verne, Heinrich von Kleist, Grace Elliott u Honore d'Urfe).