Heinrich Von Sybel


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Sybel, Heinrich Von

 

Born Dec. 2, 1817, in Dusseldorf; died Aug. 1, 1895, in Marburg. German historian and political figure; representative of the nationalistic Prussian-oriented little Germany school, which was a leading tendency in German bourgeois historiography in the second half of the 19th century.

Sybel studied at the University of Berlin with L. von Ranke and F. von Savigny. He became a professor at the University of Marburg in 1846; from 1856 to 1860 he was a professor at the University of Munich, and from 1861 to 1874 at the University of Bonn. In 1859 he founded the journal Historische Zeitschrift. He became director of the Prussian State Archives in Berlin in 1875. From 1862 to 1864 he was a deputy in the Prussian Landtag; in the Reichstag of the North German Confederation, where he was a deputy beginning in 1867, he aligned himself with the National Liberals. An ideologue of the big bourgeoisie, Sybel fused a moderately liberal critique of feudal vestiges and of Germany’s political fragmentation with an antidemocratic attitude, deeply hostile to the revolutionary movement. As with other liberals, he shifted from opposition to Bismarck to a position of compromise with the Junker regime. From the mid-1860’s he was an active supporter of the unification of Germany through the Prussian monarchy.

Viewing history as a political science, Sybel injected his own political ideas into his historical writings. This explains his extremely tendentious, negative description of the Great French Revolution as the “dangerous French way” of struggling with feudalism, his idealization of the Prussian monarchy, and his apologia of the Hohenzollerns and Bismarck, whom he depicted as fighters for a national German state. At the same time Sybel also expressed rational opinions in his works, such as his view of the medieval Holy Roman Empire as a brake on the development of a national German state and his critical evaluation of the role of Catholicism in history.

WORKS

Die deutsche Nation und Kaiserreich. Düsseldorf, 1862.
Die Begréndung des Deutschen Reiches durch Wilhelm I, vols. 1–7. Munich-Leipzig, 1889–95.
In Russian translation:
Istoriia frantsuzskoi revoliutsii i ee vremeni (1789–1795), parts 1—4. St. Petersburg, 1863–67.

REFERENCES

Istoriografiia novogo vremeni stran Evropy i Ameriki. Moscow, 1967. Pages 297–302, 307–08.
Gavrilichev, V. A. “Teoretiko-metodologicheskie osnovy istoricheskikh issledovanii Genrikha fon Zibelia.” In the collection Metodologicheskie i istoriograficheskie voprosy istoricheskoi nauki. Tomsk, 1963.
Schleier, H. Sybel und Treitschke. … Berlin, 1965.

V. A. GAVRILICHEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Lecky, Alice Stopford Green, Leopold von Ranke, Heinrich von Sybel, Johannes Janssen, Felix Dahn, Gustav Freytag, Heinrich von Treitschke, and Johannes Haller.
Wilhelm Dilthey e Heinrich von Sybel eram dois outros que a politica havia aproximado de seu circulo familiar (ROTH 2001, p.
Ao longo de sua existencia, figuraram como seus editores: Heinrich von Sybel (1859-1895), Heinrich von Treitschke (1895-1896), Friedrich Meinecke (1896-1935), Karl Alexander Muller (1935-1943), Ludwig Dehio (1949-1956) e Theodor Schieder (1957-1985).
A primeira e a de Ranke, Gervinus e Droysen, a segunda e dos historiadores que estudaram com os membros da primeira geracao--tal como Georg Waitz, Heinrich von Sybel, Theodor Mommsen, Maximilian Duncker, Ludwig Hausser, dentre outros--e, por fim, a ultima e a geracao de Heinrisch von Treitschke, Friedrich Meinecke, Wilhelm Oncken, Kurt Wachsmuth e outros.
Ao longo do seculo XIX, a HZ reuniu os principais representantes da historiografia alema, contando com artigos produzidos por renomados historiadores como Leopold von Ranke, Johann Gustav Droysen, Georg Waitz, Theodor Mommsen, Heinrich von Treitschke, Heinrich von Sybel, Hermann Baumgarten, Friedrich Meinecke, Wilhelm Maurenbrecher e Georg Voigt.
Desse seminario, fizeram parte Wilhelm Giesebrecht, Georg Waitz e Heinrich von Sybel, que eram os discipulos mais considerados por Rank e que se tornaram disseminadores das concepcoes do mestre.
77), e os de Georg Waitz e Leopold von Ranke, de autoria de Heinrich von Sybel e publicados em 1886 (n.