Heinrich von Treitschke


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Heinrich von Treitschke
Birthday
BirthplaceDresden, Kingdom of Saxony
Died
NationalityGerman
Occupation
Historian

Treitschke, Heinrich Von

 

Born Sept. 15,1834, in Dresden; died Apr. 28, 1896, in Berlin. German historian and public cist; one of the main representatives of the kleindeutsche school in bourgeois historiography. Member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. Historiographer of the Prussian state (1886).

Treitschke edited the journal Preussische Jahrbücher from 1866 to 1889. From 1871 to 1884 he served as a deputy to the Reichstag; although at first he was a member of the right wing of the National Liberal Party, he joined the Moderate Conservatives in the late 1870’s.

Treitschke’s History of Germany in the 19th Century, which covers the years 1800 to 1848, is distorted and openly apologetic. An ideologist of reactionary Prussianism, chauvinism, and German expansion, Treitschke was in favor of the class alliance of the big bourgeoisie and the Junkers, and he supported the unification of Germany as advocated by the Junkers. His ideal was a strong monarchic state capable of fighting for world hegemony; he regarded the Hohenzollern monarchy as such a state.

Treitschke glorified brute force and war, and he played a significant role in the formation of the ideology of German imperialism. V. I. Lenin considered Treitschke to be one of a number of German “police-minded official historians” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 16, p. 9).

WORKS

Deutsche Geschichte im 19 Jahrhundert, vols. 1–5. Leipzig, 1879–94.
Politik, vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1897–98.
Historische und politische Aufsätze, lst–8th eds., vols. l–t. Leipzig, 1903–21.
Ausgewählte Schriften, 7th ed., vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1918.

REFERENCES

Istoriografiia Novogo vremeni stran Evropy i Ameriki. [Moscow] 1967. (See Name Index.)
Schleier, H. Sybelund Treitschke. Berlin, 1965.

E. A. VOLINA

References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps the most belligerent anti-Catholic expression of a political-national memory of Martin Luther came from the Prussian nationalist historian Heinrich von Treitschke.
39) Heinrich von Treitschke, "Luther und die deutsche Nation" Preussische Jahrbucher 52 (1883): 470.
Even more startling [than Mazzini] was the transformation of the influential historian Heinrich von Treitschke from Saxonian liberal and anti-Bismarckian to the ideologist of the Prusso-German power state with a nationalist mission.
As well, the German professoriate led by such influential figures as Heinrich von Treitschke and the young Max Weber propounded the doctrine of Weltpolitik, meaning Germany's destiny was to rival Britain for the mastery of the earth.
This was a reasonable concept for the times but Tirpitz, largely inspired by the famous Berlin history professor Heinrich von Treitschke, had other ideas.
Thinkers as far apart as Heinrich von Treitschke and Beatrice Webb believed in racial determinants and spoke ignorantly of the purity of the Jewish race almost with awe and warned about its larger strategy to overcome, dominate, and control the societies that hosted them.