Jammu and Kashmir

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Jammu and Kashmir:

see KashmirKashmir
, region and former princely state, 85,714 sq mi (222,236 sq km), NW India, NE Pakistan, and SW China. Kashmir is bordered on the west by Pakistan, on the south by India, and on the north and east by China.
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Jammu and Kashmir


(Kashmir), a territory in South Asia. Area, 222,000 sq km. Population approximately 5 million. Under the Indian constitution, Jammu and Kashmir is a state in the Republic of India. The chief city is Srinagar. A part of Jammu and Kashmir is controlled by the government of Pakistan.

Natural features. The territory of Jammu and Kashmir is crossed from northwest to southeast by high mountain ridges that are part of the Karakoram Range and the western Himalayas. There are glaciers, and on the slopes there are coniferous and broad-leaved forests. In the northeast the climate is mountain subtropical, which is dry with below-freezing winters. The southwest is monsoonal and warm. The important rivers are the Indus, with its tributary the Gilgit, and the Jhelum. The best developed and economically the most important area is the fertile Vale of Kashmir, located in the southwest at an elevation of approximately 1,600 m, between the Pir Panjal Range and the Great Himalayas.

Economy. More than 80 percent of the population is engaged in agriculture. The sown area totals approximately 700,000 hectares (ha), of which 312,000 ha are irrigated. Concentrated in the Vale of Kashmir is one-third of all the arable land and most of the staple crops—rice (area sown, 239,000 ha; yield in 1968-69, 487,000 tons), wheat (200,000 ha sown; 210,000 tons), and corn (241,000 ha sown; 222,000 tons). Market gardens, orchards (walnuts, almonds, apples, pears, peaches, and other fruits), and plantations of medicinal herbs are of commercial importance. The range breeding of sheep (1.2 million head), goat raising (600,000 head), cattle raising (1.8 million head), and buffalo raising (400,000 head in 1966) also play an important part in the economy. A traditional occupation is the raising of silkworms.

The principal export from Jammu and Kashmir to other areas of the country is timber. Resin is collected in the forests, and fur resources are exploited (otters and leopards). Hydroelectric power resources are estimated at 6.6 million kilowatts, with a total power station capacity of approximately 44,000 kilowatts (1969). There is extensive cottage industry producing rugs, shawls, embroidery, jewelry, and items made of wood, papier-mâhe, and leather. There are silk-reeling and woolen mills, woodworking and machine shops, and leather and rug workshops in Jammu and Kashmir.

The mild climate and scenic landscapes of the Vale of Kashmir have won it fame as an international tourist attraction.


Jammu and Kashmir

the official name for the part of Kashmir under Indian control
References in periodicals archive ?
Parvez suggested pressure should be built on India through international bodies to ease the human rights situation in Held Kashmir even as efforts continue to resolve the dispute.
They were chanting slogans in favour of Kashmir while carrying banners and placards inscribed with demands for holding plebiscite in the held Kashmir.
The two main allies of the held Kashmir government, the Muslim Conference (MC) forward bloc led by Sardar Farooq Haider and People's Muslim League led by former prime minister Barrister Sultan Mehmood Chaudhry had threatened to walk out of the alliance over the appointment of senior PPP leader Chaudhry Mohammad Yasin as adviser on local government.
Besides all business establishments, shops and government offices will be closed and public transport will stay off the roads to show their dissatisfaction over the held Kashmir court's decision.
Speaking to a news channel (Geo News), senior Hurriyat leader Syed Ali Gilani said that under the influence of power, the Indian administration has been ignoring reality on the ground in held Kashmir.
Aasiya Andrabi in a statement issued on Saturday said that cows were slaughtered voluntarily by people all across the Held Valley to protest and say it loudly that they were not ready to accept Indian Constitution and its control over Held Kashmir anymore and its laws were not sacred for them.
He said the National Assembly speaker Sardar Ayaz Sadiq had taken the right decision by rejecting New Delhi's demand for allowing the Speaker of the so called Held Kashmir Assembly to attend the Common Wealth Conference.
ISLAMABAD -- The High Court in Indian Held Kashmir (IOK) has directed the investigating agency probing the killings of 2010 mass uprising to complete within eight weeks the investigation of left-out cases and file report before the court.
ISLAMABAD -- Complete shutdown is being observed, on Saturday, to mark India's Independence Day as Black Day in Held Kashmir.
The family members maintained that health of the detainees had deteriorated and they should be immediately shifted to the Held Kashmir Valley.
In a statement in Brussels, Ali Raza Syed said that the report is a prove of horrible situation of human rights in Indian Held Kashmir as the Indian authorities are involved in severe crimes against the humanity in the disputed territory.
ISLAMABAD -- Chief Patron of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front-R (JKLF-R), Barrister Abdul Majeed Tramboo Friday termed report of Amnesty International (AI) about human rights violations by Indian troops in Held Kashmir as an eye-opener for the international community.