Jammu and Kashmir

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Jammu and Kashmir:

see KashmirKashmir
, region and former princely state, 85,714 sq mi (222,236 sq km), NW India, NE Pakistan, and SW China. Kashmir is bordered on the west by Pakistan, on the south by India, and on the north and east by China.
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Jammu and Kashmir

 

(Kashmir), a territory in South Asia. Area, 222,000 sq km. Population approximately 5 million. Under the Indian constitution, Jammu and Kashmir is a state in the Republic of India. The chief city is Srinagar. A part of Jammu and Kashmir is controlled by the government of Pakistan.

Natural features. The territory of Jammu and Kashmir is crossed from northwest to southeast by high mountain ridges that are part of the Karakoram Range and the western Himalayas. There are glaciers, and on the slopes there are coniferous and broad-leaved forests. In the northeast the climate is mountain subtropical, which is dry with below-freezing winters. The southwest is monsoonal and warm. The important rivers are the Indus, with its tributary the Gilgit, and the Jhelum. The best developed and economically the most important area is the fertile Vale of Kashmir, located in the southwest at an elevation of approximately 1,600 m, between the Pir Panjal Range and the Great Himalayas.

Economy. More than 80 percent of the population is engaged in agriculture. The sown area totals approximately 700,000 hectares (ha), of which 312,000 ha are irrigated. Concentrated in the Vale of Kashmir is one-third of all the arable land and most of the staple crops—rice (area sown, 239,000 ha; yield in 1968-69, 487,000 tons), wheat (200,000 ha sown; 210,000 tons), and corn (241,000 ha sown; 222,000 tons). Market gardens, orchards (walnuts, almonds, apples, pears, peaches, and other fruits), and plantations of medicinal herbs are of commercial importance. The range breeding of sheep (1.2 million head), goat raising (600,000 head), cattle raising (1.8 million head), and buffalo raising (400,000 head in 1966) also play an important part in the economy. A traditional occupation is the raising of silkworms.

The principal export from Jammu and Kashmir to other areas of the country is timber. Resin is collected in the forests, and fur resources are exploited (otters and leopards). Hydroelectric power resources are estimated at 6.6 million kilowatts, with a total power station capacity of approximately 44,000 kilowatts (1969). There is extensive cottage industry producing rugs, shawls, embroidery, jewelry, and items made of wood, papier-mâhe, and leather. There are silk-reeling and woolen mills, woodworking and machine shops, and leather and rug workshops in Jammu and Kashmir.

The mild climate and scenic landscapes of the Vale of Kashmir have won it fame as an international tourist attraction.

G. V. SDASIUK

Jammu and Kashmir

the official name for the part of Kashmir under Indian control
References in periodicals archive ?
Murtaza Shibli said that as many as 110 Kashmiris had been brutally killed in the last five months in Held Kashmir.
According to sources some federal ministers were trying to build a new alliance in the region under which the PPP's held Kashmir chief Chaudhry Majeed was tipped to be appointed as new Prime Minister throwing out Yaqoob.
The topic of the debate at the Human Rights Council was the annual report of the UN High Commissioner on Human Rights , who had regretted India's denial of unconditional access in held Kashmir to the UN human rights investigators.
The PML-Q leaders further said Kashmiri people were awaiting implementation of the promises India made to the UN, but instead of giving them the right to self-determination Indian forces in held Kashmir were resorting to every tactic of oppression.
He said that exhibition of photographs pertaining to atrocities of Indian army in the held Kashmir and a Mushaira on Kashmir issue had been arranged by the Faisalabad Arts Council at Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Art Gallery.
The JI leader demanded of the UN to take notice of the atrocities in the held Kashmir and resolve the dispute.
In a statement issued here, Foreign Office spokesperson Dr Mohammed Faisal said: 'Pakistan strongly condemns the brutal and indiscriminate use of force by Indian forces that resulted in the death of three innocent civilians and injuries for several others in the Ganowpora village of Shopian district in held Kashmir on January 27.
Srinagar -- India has suspended bus service between Poonch and Rawalakot on the pretext of cross border firing in held Kashmir.
More than 108 people have died and thousands injured by Indian troops in held Kashmir.
From 1984 to 2012, Mr Gillani travelled to India and held Kashmir on a Pakistani passport on five occasions, after obtaining Indian visas.
Brussels -- Chairman Kashmir Council EU (KC-EU) Mr Ali Raza Syed has urged European states to stop Indian atrocities in Indian Held Kashmir (IHK).
He met the president of United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) Choi Kyong-lim, president of the International Committee of the Red Cross Peter Maurer and other ambassadors to apprise them about the "atrocities being committed by Indian occupation forces on the defenceless people" of held Kashmir, Foreign Office Spokesman Nafees Zakaria said.