Heliconiaceae


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Heliconiaceae

[‚hel·ə‚kän·ē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of monocotyledonous plants in the order Zingiberales characterized by perfect flowers with a solitary ovule in each locule, schizocarpic fruit, and capitate stigma.
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In Musaceae (Andersson, 1998b), Strelitziaceae (Andersson, 1998c), Heliconiaceae (Andersson, 1998a), and Lowiaceae (Larsen, 1998b) the median posterior stamen is reduced to a staminode or is missing, and the flowers are more or less conspicuously bilabiate.
7 ha and included species from four families of Zingiberales: Heliconiaceae, Zingiberaceae, Strelitziaceae, and Marantaceae.
Hispine beetles of the tribe Arescini (four genera) are specialists on Heliconiaceae, while those of the Cephaloleiini tribe also feed on other Zingiberales families (Strong 1977).
The ancestral zingiberalean flower is likely to have had 5 6 fertile stamens, with the staminode first evolving in the lineage leading to Heliconiaceae plus the ginger families (Bartlett & Specht, 2010) and ultimately occurring in 2-5 stamen positions to dominate the floral display.
Families in which vessels with long scalariform perforation plates occur in roots whereas stems and leaves have only tracheids include Araceae (Keating, 2003), Costaceae, Hanguanaceae, Heliconiaceae, Hypoxidaceae, Melanthiaceae, Petermanniaceae, Ruscaceae, Trilliaceae, Zingiberaceae, and a number of genera of hyacinthoid Liliaceae (Wagner, 1977).
most Heliconiaceae and Musaceae and present as epidermal silica sand in
The Zingiberales are a classic example of the semophyletic sequence in stamen reduction from an original dicyclic androecium running in a continuous sequence (the reductive process is represented with symbols used for floral formulas; A refers to the androecium, the numbers refer to the number of stamens in a whorl, and the raised circle refers to staminodes): Musaceae [A3+3 or A3+2(1[degrees]) / Heliconiaceae [A2(1[degrees])+3] - Lowiaceae / Strelitziaceae (A3+2) - Zingiberaceae [A2[degrees]+ 1(2[degrees])] / Marantacene [A1[degrees]/2[degrees]/0+1(2[degrees])] - Costaceae [A3[degrees]+1(2[degrees])] - Cannaceae [A2[degrees]+(2[degrees])] (see, e.
Family Nucellus Anarthriaceae Tenuinucellate Arecaceae Crassinucellate Bromeliaceae Crassinucellate Cannaceae Crassinucellate Cartonemataceae Crassinucellate Centrolepidaceae Tenuinucellate Commelinaceae Crassinucellate (tenuinucellate in Cyanotis) Costaceae Crassinucellate Cyperaceae Crassinucellate Dasypogonaceae Crassinucellate Ecdeiocoleaeeae Tenuinucellate Eriocaulaceae Tenuinucellate Flagellariaceae Crassinucellate Haemodoraceae Crassinucellate Hanguanaceae Unknown Heliconiaceae Crassinucellate Hydatellaceae Unknown Joinvilleaceae Unknown, but nucellar cap present (Fig.
The fertile alluvial soils support plant communities with high abundance of Arecaceae, Heliconiaceae, Marantaceae and Urticaceae.
It has a wide host-plant range mostly within the Arecaceae (palms), but it also attacks some plants within the Cannaceae, Pandanaceae, Musaceae, Heliconiaceae, Zingiberaceae, and Strelitziaceae (Carrillo et al.
platynema), Heliconiaceae (Heliconia caribaea), Melastomataceae, and Zingiberaceae.
In the Neotropics, the most important phytotelmata are Apiaceae, Araceae, Bromeliaceae, Poaceae, Heliconiaceae, Marantaceae, Musaceae, Sarraceniaceae, Strelitziaceae and Zingiberaceae, including an uncompiled and probably long list of plant families providing fruits or fallen leaves.