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the culture, ideals, and pattern of life of ancient Greece in classical times. It usually means primarily the culture of AthensAthens
, Gr. Athínai, city (1991 pop. 2,907,179; 1991 urban agglomeration pop. 3,072,922), capital of Greece, E central Greece, on the plain of Attica, between the Kifisós and Ilissus rivers, near the Saronic Gulf. Mt. Aigáleos (1,534 ft/468 m), Mt.
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 and the related cities during the Age of Pericles. The term is also applied to the ideals of later writers and thinkers who draw their inspiration from ancient Greece. Frequently it is contrasted with Hebraism—Hellenism then meaning pagan joy, freedom, and love of life as contrasted with the austere morality and monotheism of the Old Testament. The Hellenic period came to an end with the conquest of Alexander the Great in the 4th cent. B.C. It was succeeded by the Hellenistic civilizationHellenistic civilization.
The conquests of Alexander the Great spread Hellenism immediately over the Middle East and far into Asia. After his death in 323 B.C., the influence of Greek civilization continued to expand over the Mediterranean world and W Asia.
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. See GreeceGreece,
Gr. Hellas or Ellas, officially Hellenic Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 10,668,000), 50,944 sq mi (131,945 sq km), SE Europe. It occupies the southernmost part of the Balkan Peninsula and borders on the Ionian Sea in the west, on the Mediterranean Sea
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; Greek architectureGreek architecture
the art of building that arose on the shores of the Aegean Sea and flourished in the ancient world. Origins of Greek Architecture

Palaces of the Minoan civilization remain at Knossos and Phaestus on Crete.
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; Greek artGreek art,
works of art produced in the Aegean basin, a center of artistic activity from very early times (see Aegean civilization). This article covers the art of ancient Greece from its beginnings through the Hellenistic period.
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; Greek literature, ancientGreek literature, ancient,
the writings of the ancient Greeks. The Greek Isles are recognized as the birthplace of Western intellectual life. Early Writings

The earliest extant European literary works are the Iliad and the Odyssey,
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; Greek religionGreek religion,
religious beliefs and practices of the ancient inhabitants of the region of Greece. Origins

Although its exact origins are lost in time, Greek religion is thought to date from about the period of the Aryan invasions of the 2d millennium B.C.
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See R. Warner, Eternal Greece (rev. ed. 1962); D. Garman, tr., A Literary History of Greece (1964); J. Ferguson, The Heritage of Hellenism (1973).


1. the principles, ideals, and pursuits associated with classical Greek civilization
2. the spirit or national character of the Greeks
3. conformity to, imitation of, or devotion to the culture of ancient Greece
4. the cosmopolitan civilization of the Hellenistic world
References in periodicals archive ?
I have argued elsewhere that, "filled with the Holy Spirit" (7:55a), Stephen's apologetic for a Messianic faith that was foundationally based upon but not reducible to narrow Jewish concerns itself was informed, at least in part, by his Hellenist experience and perspective beyond the borders of Judea.
The Hellenist approach to nature was one of thought and understanding, but was restricted by limitations not unlike those of empiricism.
This horror led Hellenists to banish a real bridal chamber from their new cult while retaining the Queen of Heaven motif and its displacement of the father.
But in the end there is about him, as the famous Hellenist John Finley used to say to undergraduate classes at Harvard, a slightly Rotarian quality that must ultimately yield before Achilles' god-like splendor.
This concept was used in Classical and Hellenist Greek since the fifth century before Christ, and was understood chiefly as an attribute of the gods and a true virtue.
Additionally, the case of the formidable intellectual and hellenist George Gemistos Plethon (sometimes called Pletho), who lived in Mistra and became something of a local cult, perhaps deserves more than the two mentions Page grants him.
Goritz counted the foremost intellectuals of High-Renaissance Rome among his fellow "academicians": Bembo; the renowned poet Filippo Beroaldo the Younger; Castiglione; Colocci; Paolo Giovio; Janus Lascaris (a native of Constantinople, the foremost Hellenist of his age, and an intimate of both Leo and his father Lorenzo "il Magnifico"); Giles of Viterbo; Fausto Evangelista Magdaleno Capodiferro (one of the "festaiuoli" for Roman Carnival celebrations); Sadoleto, who was also Leo's private secretary (von Hofmann II: 124); and many others.
Then, finally, a nostalgic return to Greece--and, among much else, a liquid lunch with the celebrated travel writer, soldier and Hellenist Paddy Leigh Fermor, to whom Marozzi pays due writerly homage.
The conflict in Acts 6:1-6 over the neglect of the Hellenist widows in the diakonia of the tables is not about poor widows being overlooked as recipients of charity.
The book burns away myth, that Lincoln hastily wrote the Gettysburg speech on an envelope and snubbed his long-winded predecessor, the brilliant nineteenth-century Hellenist Edward Everett.
The Hellenist tradition did provide evidence against itself that it knew something of the true God but failed to acknowledge him as such.
28) Amongst Pessoa's sources, a strict condemnation of Nietzsche's interpretation of tragedy is articulated by Alfred William Benn: 'As an interpretation of Greek art the Origin of Tragedy has no value, and was very properly denounced by one destined to become in after years the fore-most Hellenist of his age, Wilamowitz-Mollendorf'.