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the culture, ideals, and pattern of life of ancient Greece in classical times. It usually means primarily the culture of AthensAthens
, Gr. Athínai, city (1991 pop. 2,907,179; 1991 urban agglomeration pop. 3,072,922), capital of Greece, E central Greece, on the plain of Attica, between the Kifisós and Ilissus rivers, near the Saronic Gulf. Mt. Aigáleos (1,534 ft/468 m), Mt.
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 and the related cities during the Age of Pericles. The term is also applied to the ideals of later writers and thinkers who draw their inspiration from ancient Greece. Frequently it is contrasted with Hebraism—Hellenism then meaning pagan joy, freedom, and love of life as contrasted with the austere morality and monotheism of the Old Testament. The Hellenic period came to an end with the conquest of Alexander the Great in the 4th cent. B.C. It was succeeded by the Hellenistic civilizationHellenistic civilization.
The conquests of Alexander the Great spread Hellenism immediately over the Middle East and far into Asia. After his death in 323 B.C., the influence of Greek civilization continued to expand over the Mediterranean world and W Asia.
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. See GreeceGreece,
Gr. Hellas or Ellas, officially Hellenic Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 10,668,000), 50,944 sq mi (131,945 sq km), SE Europe. It occupies the southernmost part of the Balkan Peninsula and borders on the Ionian Sea in the west, on the Mediterranean Sea
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; Greek architectureGreek architecture
the art of building that arose on the shores of the Aegean Sea and flourished in the ancient world. Origins of Greek Architecture

Palaces of the Minoan civilization remain at Knossos and Phaestus on Crete.
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; Greek artGreek art,
works of art produced in the Aegean basin, a center of artistic activity from very early times (see Aegean civilization). This article covers the art of ancient Greece from its beginnings through the Hellenistic period.
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; Greek literature, ancientGreek literature, ancient,
the writings of the ancient Greeks. The Greek Isles are recognized as the birthplace of Western intellectual life. Early Writings

The earliest extant European literary works are the Iliad and the Odyssey,
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; Greek religionGreek religion,
religious beliefs and practices of the ancient inhabitants of the region of Greece. Origins

Although its exact origins are lost in time, Greek religion is thought to date from about the period of the Aryan invasions of the 2d millennium B.C.
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See R. Warner, Eternal Greece (rev. ed. 1962); D. Garman, tr., A Literary History of Greece (1964); J. Ferguson, The Heritage of Hellenism (1973).


1. the principles, ideals, and pursuits associated with classical Greek civilization
2. the spirit or national character of the Greeks
3. conformity to, imitation of, or devotion to the culture of ancient Greece
4. the cosmopolitan civilization of the Hellenistic world
References in periodicals archive ?
As assimilation trends continued, a small band of Jews calling themselves the Maccabees waged a victorious revolt against the Hellenists.
According to Elias Joseph Bickerman, The God of the Maccabees: Studies on the Meaning and Origin of the Maccabean Revolt (Leiden: Brill, 1979), the Hellenists took an even more active role, as the initiators of the persecutions of Antiochus IV.
The situation changes with the Seleucid persecutions of the Jews of Judea in 167 BCE and the Maccabee revolt against the Hellenists.
The studies by Turkish Hittitologists in central Anatolia, encouraged by a local nationalistic discourse on the one hand, and the studies of the Hellenists at the ancient Greek cities on the coasts, nurtured by a European 'continentalist' view on the other, resulted in negligence towards areas that were non-Greek and non-Hittite at the beginnings of Turkish archaeology.
Discerning Hellenists who want to get away from it all, anyone who loves looking at pictures of Greece and her islands.
On the problem of the historicity of this accusation, see Craig Hill, Hellenists and Hebrews (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1992), pp.
For Hellenists, it represents one of the first studies of family, marriage and kinship during the nine-teenth century to utilize both comparative methodology and statistical analyses of archival materials.
Nordau, in a bold comparison, equated the ancient Maccabean revolt against the Hellenists with the struggle of the Boers in southern Africa against British imperialism in the early years of the twentieth century.
6) In the early days, would-be Hellenists in France, like those elsewhere, relied on Italian texts, at a time when only a few presses were beginning to come to terms with the complexities of printing Greek.
The dispute between the Hellenists and the Hebrews surfaced issues of religious, ethnic, and gender differences (e.
Chapters 2 to 4 cover the origins of Christianity as a Jewish group (resurrection appearances and Pentecost), the emergence of the Hellenists (Stephen and early persecution), and the spread of Christianity (Peter's activity, beginnings in Antioch).
The Hellenists had not even bothered to destroy it, and in the end, it outlasted them, it became the token of their defeat.