Helmand


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Related to Helmand: Helmand River

Helmand

or

Helmund

(both: hĕl`mənd), river, c.700 mi (1,130 km) long, rising in the Hindu Kush Mts., NE Afghanistan and flowing generally SW to the Sistan basin, SW Afghanistan, where it helps form the Hamun-i-Helmand (Sistan Lake), a marshy lake that extends into Iran; longest river in Afghanistan. The Arghandab is its chief tributary. The Helmand's ancient irrigation and river-control system was destroyed by Jenghiz Khan (13th cent.) and Timur (14th cent.); the modern irrigation works are vital to both Iranians and Afghans, and in times of drought there are disputes over water rights. The Helmand Valley Authority extensively developed the region, improving irrigation and flood control. The name also occurs as Hilmand and Hirmand.

Helmand

 

or Hilmand, a river in Afghanistan that flows through the Iranian plateau. Length, 1,150 km; basin area, about 500,000 sq km. Its source is in the Koh-i-Baba, and it flows into the Hamun lakes in Iran, forming a delta in which its branches are constantly changing course. Its major tributary is the Arghandab. It is fed chiefly by snow runoff. Its waters are high in the spring and summer, and low in the winter (although thaws sometimes cause the river to rise in the winter). Its average annual volume ranges from 400 to 500 cu m per sec; during the high season it ranges from 1,500 to 2,000 cu m per sec, with a maximum of over 15,000 cu m per sec, and winter flow is 50 to 60 cu m per sec. Its middle and lower course irrigate a small strip of land between the Registan and Dasht-i-Margo deserts, including the Girishk Oasis and the major settlement of Girishk. The delta region of the Helmand is heavily populated; its waters are used for irrigation. Several dams have been built on branches of the Helmand, the most important being the Seistan Dam.

Helmand

a river in S Asia, rising in E Afghanistan and flowing generally southwest to a marshy lake, Hamun Helmand, on the border with Iran. Length: 1400 km (870 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The National Directorate of Security (NDS) said Mullah Shah Wali, also known as Mullah Naser, was killed in an air operation in Helmand.
The provincial government media office in a statement also confirmed the killing of Mullah Nasir and said he was appointed as the deputy shadow governor of the group for Helmand.
28 ( ANI ): The death toll in the Afghanistan's Helmand suicide bombing has climbed to 13.
The incident on Friday was in Sangin district, the scene of some of the heaviest fighting in Afghanistan's long war, Helmand police chief Abdul Rahman Sarjang told Reuters.
We can confirm a US helicopter has landed in Marjah, Helmand Province, and is experiencing mechanical problems.
Up to 12 armed insurgents were killed during a cleanup operation conducted by Afghan National Security Forces in Nad Ali and Marja districts of Helmand province over the past 24 hours," the ministry said in a statement.
This might seem like progress of a kind, were it not for powerful evidence that the war the British and the Americans fought in Helmand wasn't a counter-insurgency at all.
However, political experts believe that the forces' withdrawal would encourage Taleban militants to intensify activities in the already volatile Helmand province.
The downdraft from a helicopter sent to rescue them set off an explosion in Kajaki, Helmand.
THE Defence Secretary admitted there is no guarantee that Afghanistan will remain "stable and safe" as British combat troops brought their costly campaign in Helmand province to an end.
by Shams Jalal on 5 July, 2014 - 17:03 LASHKARGAH (Pajhwok): The Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) on Saturday urged the Taliban not to prevent relief supplies to the displaced families from Sangin district of southern Helmand province.
Local officials in Helmand province said that 800 militants were involved in attacks centred on the Sangin district of Helmand province, a hotbed of fighting during the 13-year insurgency.