Helmand


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Related to Helmand: Helmand River

Helmand

or

Helmund

(both: hĕl`mənd), river, c.700 mi (1,130 km) long, rising in the Hindu Kush Mts., NE Afghanistan and flowing generally SW to the Sistan basin, SW Afghanistan, where it helps form the Hamun-i-Helmand (Sistan Lake), a marshy lake that extends into Iran; longest river in Afghanistan. The Arghandab is its chief tributary. The Helmand's ancient irrigation and river-control system was destroyed by Jenghiz Khan (13th cent.) and Timur (14th cent.); the modern irrigation works are vital to both Iranians and Afghans, and in times of drought there are disputes over water rights. The Helmand Valley Authority extensively developed the region, improving irrigation and flood control. The name also occurs as Hilmand and Hirmand.

Helmand

 

or Hilmand, a river in Afghanistan that flows through the Iranian plateau. Length, 1,150 km; basin area, about 500,000 sq km. Its source is in the Koh-i-Baba, and it flows into the Hamun lakes in Iran, forming a delta in which its branches are constantly changing course. Its major tributary is the Arghandab. It is fed chiefly by snow runoff. Its waters are high in the spring and summer, and low in the winter (although thaws sometimes cause the river to rise in the winter). Its average annual volume ranges from 400 to 500 cu m per sec; during the high season it ranges from 1,500 to 2,000 cu m per sec, with a maximum of over 15,000 cu m per sec, and winter flow is 50 to 60 cu m per sec. Its middle and lower course irrigate a small strip of land between the Registan and Dasht-i-Margo deserts, including the Girishk Oasis and the major settlement of Girishk. The delta region of the Helmand is heavily populated; its waters are used for irrigation. Several dams have been built on branches of the Helmand, the most important being the Seistan Dam.

Helmand

a river in S Asia, rising in E Afghanistan and flowing generally southwest to a marshy lake, Hamun Helmand, on the border with Iran. Length: 1400 km (870 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Up to 12 armed insurgents were killed during a cleanup operation conducted by Afghan National Security Forces in Nad Ali and Marja districts of Helmand province over the past 24 hours," the ministry said in a statement.
But it came at a price as the vast majority of the UK's 453 casualties lost their lives in the fight against the Taliban insurgency in Helmand, with Bastion used as the British centre of operations.
The fatherof-one was one of 14 British personnel killed when a Nimrod MR2 crashed and burst into flames in Kandahar, Helmand.
All the NATO-led forces, including the British troops, have failed to evict Taleban militants from Helmand province over the past 13 years.
BRITISH troops in Afghanistan will enjoy a slap-up Christmas meal this year, flown 5000 miles from the UK to Helmand.
Brig Davis, who commanded Task Force Helmand, said: "The campaign is on track, and the end sight of being able to hand over control of Helmand to an effective trusted and sustainable Afghan National Security Force (ANSF) is deliverable.
Operation Tor Shezada, a bid to squeeze insurgents out of central Helmand province, began on Friday and is intended to push insurgent fighters further from the population centres cleared as part of Operation Mostarak earlier this year.
Britain has around 8 thousand troops in Helmand, while the US Marine Corps now has nearly 20 thousand.
The soldier from 2nd Battalion The Parachute Regiment, who is expected to be named today, was killed in a blast while making safe an area to the south of Nahr-e-Saraj in Helmand province.
The region is known for its dam which provides electricity to Helmand and Kandahar.
We are aware of an incident involving a non-British military helicopter in Helmand province," Lieutenant-Colonel Nick Richardson of the Nato-led force told the Reuters news agency by phone from Helmand.
The serviceman, from 1st Battalion The Rifles, died of wounds suffered near Lashkar Gah in the country's Helmand Province yesterday.