Helmet


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.

helmet

Biology a part or structure resembling a helmet, esp the upper part of the calyx of certain flowers

Helmet

 

(in Russian, kaska), a leather or metal headgear, usually capped by a metal point or crest, used to protect the head in armies, fire departments, and various paramilitary organizations. Metal helmets appeared in early antiquity (the Bronze Age). In the 18th and 19th centuries helmets were often adorned with feather or horsehair plumes. In World War I all armies used steel helmets as a protection against shrapnel bullets, stones, and small fragments of projectiles, including mines and grenades. The Soviet Army used pointed helmets (kaski) until 1939, when they were replaced by plain steel helmets (in Russian, shlew).


Helmet

 

a form of protective headgear. Helmets made of wood, birch bark, plaited twigs, and leather appeared in prehistoric times, and others decorated with feathers and carvings have been described by ethnographers. Ancient helmets made of copper and gold have been found in the royal tombs of Ur and date from the third millennium B.C. When there was a shortage of metal in ancient Egypt, warriors wore small, round, leather or linen caps that were sometimes reinforced with metal plates. Low copper helmets were worn in Babylonia, and a conoidal helmet better than any other existing helmet for deflecting blows was developed in Assyria. The bronze and iron helmets of the Greeks had high crests, and iron helmets were used in ancient Rome. The hemispherical metal helmets commonly used in Western Europe during the early Middle Ages were replaced in the tenth century by conical helmets; one of the ancient Russian helmets found at the Gnezdovo burial mounds is an example of the latter type.

Helmets with a beaver that covered the face appeared in the 13th century in Western Europe. Spherical, visored sallets with a beaver and helmets that covered the entire head were typical of the 14th through 16th centuries. Excavations of such sites as the Gnezdovo burial mounds and the Chernaia Mogila indicate that the basic Russian helmet from the tenth century through the 17th was a pointed, conoidal helmet (shishak), camailed to protect the neck and shoulders. The ancient Russian helmets used before the Mongol conquests had nasals as well as masks that covered the entire face.

Some Russian helmets—for example, the helmet of Prince Iaroslav Vsevolodovich, found at the site of the battle of Lipetsk—bore embossed images. Richly decorated helmets of the 13th through 17th centuries were preserved in the Armory of the Kremlin. Hemispherical helmets with a neckguard, earpieces, a visor, and a nasal were widely used by cavalrymen of Eastern and Central Europe during the 1500’s. A low, flat helmet (in Russian, misiurka) was also used.

After the 17th century, helmets became lighter. Sometimes decorated with crests and plumes, they were called casques. The shape of the budenovka, the headgear worn by members of the Red Army, derives from the Russian pointed helmet. Steel helmets—called kaski in the Soviet Army until 1939—were introduced in World War I. Since the early 1900’s, the special protective headgear worn by pilots, tank crews, and skiers have also been called helmets.

REFERENCE

Kirpichnikov, A. N. Drevnerusskoe oruzhie, fasc. 3. Leningrad, 1971.

D. A. AVDUSIN

What does it mean when you dream about a helmet?

An instrument of protection, a helmet can mean that either the dreamer is secure physically or the dreamer’s thoughts and ideas need to be guarded.

helmet

[′hel·mət]
(engineering)
A globe-shaped head covering made of copper and supplied with air pumped through a hose; attached to the breastplate of a diving suit for deep-sea diving.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) estimates, wearing helmets saved the lives of 1,859 motorcycle riders in 2016; an additional 802 lives could have been saved if every motorcyclist had worn them.
Udhampur (J-K) [India], January 22 ( ANI ): In an attempt to aware two-wheeler riders without helmets, Jammu and Kashmir police in Udhampur district distributed free helmets to the people riding without one.
The researchers used a state trauma quality improvement database to analyze changes in the rate of CMF injuries to motorcycle riders since the change in Michigan helmet laws.
He said that a campaign about helmet will be continued for two weeks and awareness can be created about the utility of helmet through electronic media, newspapers, banners, telephonic messages, pamphlets and seminars.
In response, since 1995, Arkansas, Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Texas have relaxed or repealed their mandatory, universal helmet laws.
Leaving the CEP connected causes damage to the connector flange while it's carried in the helmet bag.
A full-face helmet covers your entire face including the chin and the jaw bone your chin, while the other is the open-face type that covers the skull, but leaves the face exposed.
Lots of high-profile cyclists choose not to wear a helmet, most notably Boris Johnson, although his hair could not be more "spoiled" than it is
8220;Schuberth was also the first to introduce the first flip up helmets and since then it has paced much ahead of all motorcycle helmet brands in Europe and elsewhere.
4 million could be saved each year with a universal helmet law.
The Nimhans study shows that a helmet primarily reduces the impact of the collision and thereby consequent injury to the brain by acting as a mechanical barrier between the skull and the impacting object.