helminth

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helminth

[′hel‚minth]
(invertebrate zoology)
Any parasitic worm.
References in periodicals archive ?
Over eons, helminths have developed methods for subduing their hosts' inflammatory and immune responses in order to promote their own survival and colonization.
Indeed, this study was carried out to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth parasites in dogs to assess the awareness of canine helminth zoonoses in stray dogs.
In each survey, a single fecal sample from each participant was used to prepare a Kato-Katz thick smear to determine the presence of helminths and count C.
For instance, in experimental animal models, an array of chronic inflammatory diseases, including type 1 diabetes, colitis, arthritis, and asthma, can be blocked by infection with helminth parasites.
In Lithuania the helminth fauna of the muskrat was studied in 1973-1976 and 22 species of helminths were found (Kiseliene & Mickus, 1976a, b; Kiseliene, 1983).
In low-income countries, soil-transmitted helminths are one of the most important causes of growth and mental retardation, and neurocysticercosis is the main cause of adult-onset epilepsy (other than trauma).
We have known for many years that helminths exert a powerful effect on immunity in the host, primarily by inducing the regulatory arm of the immune system, which is important in reigning in the effector 'fight and kill' arm of the immune system," he said.
Viscera were examined for endoparasitic helminths with a dissecting microscope, and fillets were removed and sliced into thin sections (McClelland and Martell, 2001a) for detection of larval digeneans and nematodes.
The roundworm group of helminths includes pinworms, whipworms, roundworms, and hookworms.
Earlier workers also noted a peak prevalence of infection with various larval and adult helminths in their poiklothermorus hosts, during post monsoon months and this also conceded with maximum recruitment (Madhavi 1979).
The finding of eggs and larvae of parasitic helminths in archaeological material from Unai, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Indeed, helminths boast broad immunoregulatory properties that evolved over the centuries into a successful host-parasite interaction.