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(hĭlwän`), or


(ho͝olwän`), town (1989 est. pop. 230,000), N Egypt, on the Nile River, opposite the ruins of MemphisMemphis
, ancient city of Egypt, capital of the Old Kingdom (c.3100–c.2258 B.C.), at the apex of the Nile delta and 12 mi (18 km) from Cairo. It was reputedly founded by Menes, the first king of united Egypt. Its god was Ptah.
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; a suburb of Cairo. Manufactures include iron and steel, cement, and textiles; there is a food-processing and automobile industry. Helwan has a metallurgical research center and an astronomical observatory. The town, the site of ancient settlements, is also a health resort, long known for its hot sulfur springs. An ancient burial chamber, one of the largest in the world, was discovered at Helwan in 1946.



a city in Egypt, on the lower course of the Nile; a suburb of Cairo. Population, 203,500 (1966).

Helwan has a fertilizer plant, and nearby is a metallurgical plant, the first stage of which was built with aid from the USSR. Railroad cars, cement, and silk fabrics are also produced. The Helwan necropolis is located 5 km from the city.

Helwan is a climatic and balneological health resort. The climate is dry (annual precipitation, approximately 40 mm), and summers are hot (average July temperature, 35.5°C). Winter is the mildest season, with temperatures averaging 16.6°C in December, 14.8°C in January, and 16.5°C in February.

Treatment includes therapeutic bathing using the beneficial effects of solar radiation, air, and sand. There are thermal mineral springs (25°–33°C), whose hydrogen sulphide chloride-sulfate-sodium waters are used for bathing, drinking, and inhalation. Patients are treated for disorders of the urinary tract, kidneys, parietal musculature, skin, nervous system, and metabolic system. Facilities include sanatoriums, a balneological treatment center, hotels, and tourist hostels.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Criminal Court postponed Sunday the trial of 215 alleged members of the Cairo-based militant group the Helwan Brigades to 30 December.
The final line (Line 6) which will run from Shubra up-north until the heart of Maadi and Helwan districts in the south through running from Ataba Station (Interchange with both Line 2 and Line 3) through El Kalaa street in bored tunnels to Salah Eldin Citadel Station (Interchange with Line 4) and moving on from there to both districts via bored tunnels using the existing route El-Mahager Railway as a guide through both Maadi and Helwan.
A goods railway line worth $490m is also due to be built between the Red Sea port of Ain Sokhna and Helwan City to the south of Cairo.
Led by National Bank of Egypt (NBE), the banks will provide EGP 3bn ($405mn) to fund the plants in South Helwan and Assiut, business news website Amwal Al Ghad reports.
Under the terms of the agreement, the production capacity of power stations in the towns of Helwan and Assiut will rise to 2,600 megawatts.
They reviewed the possible means to enhance the mutual academic cooperation among the Yemeni universities and the Egyptian ones, particularly with Helwan and Al Monawafia universities, in areas of exchange of experiences and visits between them.
Other projects, he added, also included the development of the oil refinery in Alexandria and a power project south of Helwan.
Three police officers and two soldiers were wounded when unidentified people inside a speeding car threw a home-made bomb at their checkpoint in the vicinity of the Helwan University in southern Cairo, Egyptian television reported.
Summary: Terrorist attack wounds five policemen near Helwan university, and four people are hurt in panicked crush after explosion at train station.
The explosion took place near a security checkpoint in the vicinity of Helwan University, on the Southern outskirts of the city, causing injuries to three officers and a low-ranking official, Al-Ahram Arabic news website reported.
The collapse halted two metro stations in Line 1 which connects northern part of the capital and Helwan province in the south.
The baby was found on Saturday at the entrance of a cafeteria in Helwan area in Sharjah.