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(hĭlwän`), or


(ho͝olwän`), town (1989 est. pop. 230,000), N Egypt, on the Nile River, opposite the ruins of MemphisMemphis
, ancient city of Egypt, capital of the Old Kingdom (c.3100–c.2258 B.C.), at the apex of the Nile delta and 12 mi (18 km) from Cairo. It was reputedly founded by Menes, the first king of united Egypt. Its god was Ptah.
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; a suburb of Cairo. Manufactures include iron and steel, cement, and textiles; there is a food-processing and automobile industry. Helwan has a metallurgical research center and an astronomical observatory. The town, the site of ancient settlements, is also a health resort, long known for its hot sulfur springs. An ancient burial chamber, one of the largest in the world, was discovered at Helwan in 1946.



a city in Egypt, on the lower course of the Nile; a suburb of Cairo. Population, 203,500 (1966).

Helwan has a fertilizer plant, and nearby is a metallurgical plant, the first stage of which was built with aid from the USSR. Railroad cars, cement, and silk fabrics are also produced. The Helwan necropolis is located 5 km from the city.

Helwan is a climatic and balneological health resort. The climate is dry (annual precipitation, approximately 40 mm), and summers are hot (average July temperature, 35.5°C). Winter is the mildest season, with temperatures averaging 16.6°C in December, 14.8°C in January, and 16.5°C in February.

Treatment includes therapeutic bathing using the beneficial effects of solar radiation, air, and sand. There are thermal mineral springs (25°–33°C), whose hydrogen sulphide chloride-sulfate-sodium waters are used for bathing, drinking, and inhalation. Patients are treated for disorders of the urinary tract, kidneys, parietal musculature, skin, nervous system, and metabolic system. Facilities include sanatoriums, a balneological treatment center, hotels, and tourist hostels.

References in periodicals archive ?
ISLAMABAD -- Pakistan on Monday condemned the heinous terrorist attack on a Coptic Church in Helwan in the south of Cairo, resulting in loss of precious and innocent lives.
Helwan church attacker was shot down after he opened fire at police personnel and civilians -- screenshot of a video circulated on the social media CAIRO -- 31 December 2017: Helwan Public Prosecution transferred the investigations file of the Martyr Mina Church terror attack to the Supreme State Security Prosecution.
Riyadh, Rabi'II 12, 1439, Dec 30, 2017, SPA -- His Royal Highness Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Crown Prince, Vice President of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Defense sent a cable of sincere condolences and sympathies to President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi of the Arab Republic of Egypt on the victims of the terrorist attack in Helwan.
BAGHDAD / National Iraqi News Agency (NINA) Five people were killed and five others were wounded in the terrorist attack on an Egyptian church in Helwan.
Download Death sentence upheld to 8 over storming Helwan police station NNA - The Cairo Criminal Court issued on Tuesday a life imprisonment sentences to 50 persons accused of being involved in the incidents of storming the Helwan police station in 2013.
Local observatory Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights brings the plight of Helwan residents who live near cement factories to the forefront following frequent complaints from residents.
According to Minister of Electricity Mohamed Shaker, South Helwan station comes under the current five-year plan (2012-2017) to strengthen the electric grid, facilitate the steady increase in loads and secure the country's power supply.
Education - 2008 PhD, Contemporary Painting Philosophy, Faculty of Art Education, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt.
En presence du Premier ministre, Dr Hecham Qandil et du ministre de l'Electricite et de l'Energie, l'ingenieur Ahmed Imam, une convention fut signee avec la Banque Islamique de Developpement (BID) qui a debloque une somme de 250 millions de dollars pour financer le projet de centrale electrique de Helwan Sud.
finance an electricity project south of Helwan with an estimated cost of USD
Younis added that the WB has agreed to finance projects such as the North Giza Power Station and an electricity generating station south of Helwan.
Helwan church attacker was shot down after he opened fire at police personnel and civilians- a screenshot of a video circulated on the social media CAIRO -- 30 December 2017: Security source said on Saturday that the injured attacker of Helwan's Church of Great Martyr Mina underwent successful surgery to remove bullets from his foot, MENA reported.