Think of hemagglutinin
as a miniature broccoli stalk.
Receptor binding and membrane fusion in virus entry: the influenza hemagglutinin
This is why universal flu vaccine strategies in recent years have been focused more on the hemagglutinin
stem than on the head," noted Damian C.
One of the mutations Kawaoka found in the hemagglutinin
molecule may already be helping the virus adapt to humans.
2009) Structures of receptor complexes formed by hemagglutinins
from the Asian Influenza pandemic of 1957.
French bean hemagglutinin
isolated in the present investigation displays an N-terminal sequence similar to those of hemagglutinins
from other Phaseolus vulgaris cultivars and Phaseolus species.
Prediction of mutations in H5N1 hemagglutinins
from influenza A virus.
In parallel to IgG detection for control groups, we also evaluated IgG levels against seasonal influenza virus hemagglutinins
H1 and H3 by ELISA of the 15 paired serum samples (Figure 3, panel A).
The drop in pH alters the shape of the viral hemagglutinin
, thereby allowing the virus to fuse to the cell and open an entry for the virus' RNA to come in and start making fresh viruses.
We tested only for seroreactivity to the H5 hemagglutinin
and the N1 neuraminidase; therefore, further studies are needed to determine whether different avian origin influenza viruses are present in the guinea pig population.
double dagger]) Reassortant virus possessing the hemagglutinin
and neuraminidase genes of A/Minnesota/11/2010 and the remaining 6 genes of A/PR/8/34.
contained 5 conserved amino acid differences that distinguish canine from equine lineages.