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hemlock tree

hemlock tree

Not to be confused with poison hemlock which is a weed, the hemlock tree is an actual tree with flat pine-type needles and cones, and it’s edible, just like pine, the most common use being tea made from the needles. Look like pine trees and can grow very large, up to 180 feet! (60m tall). Has cones like pine cones. There is a poisonous lookalike called the YEW tree, which also has flat soft needle-like leaves with red berries instead of pine cones. Hemlock needles are flat, but bright green on top and silvery underneath. Hemlocks have cones, not berries. Branches are used to make tea for colds, cough, kidney problems ad as a source of vitamin C. Inner bark used for tea for stomach problems, diarrhea, colds, flu, lung and coughs. Expectorant, astringent, helps stop bleeding.



(hemlock), a genus of evergreen coniferous trees of the family Pinaceae. The shoots are pendant and slender. The needles, which are on short petioles, are mainly flat, linear-lanceolate, and blunt and notched at the apex. The pollen spikes (mi-crostrobiles) are solitary, and the pollen has no air sacs. The cones, which are woody and pendant and measure 1.5–2.5 cm in length, mature in the year of flowering and fall off completely. The cone scales are small, and the seeds are winged. Propagation is by seeds and cuttings. Hemlocks are moisture-loving and shade-tolerant. They are raised as ornamentals and for their lightweight wood, which is used mainly to manufacture paper. The bark contains tannins.

There are about ten species (according to other data, 15), distributed in the Himalayas, China, Japan, and North America. Six species have been introduced into the USSR, including the eastern hemlock (T. canadensis) and T. diversifolia. The eastern hemlock is native to North America. A tree measuring about 30 m in height, it has arching branches and pectinate needles. T. diversifolia is native to Japan. A tree measuring up to 25 m tall, it has horizontal branches and needles of varying length (1 to 1.5 cm) that protrude in all directions. The species is found outside Sukhumi and in Western Europe, where it grows in the form of a shrub.


Dallimore, W., and A. B. Jackson. A Handbook of Coniferae and Ginkgoaceae, 4th ed. London, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
OSU got the idea of enlisting the silver fly in the fight to save the hemlock after an OSU master's degree student found that the flies were plentiful in Northwest hemlock trees.
In its native range of Asia, the HWA causes little damage to the hemlock trees it feeds on.
Figures 3 and 4 display average trends in ring width and relative densities by ring, EW, and LW for Douglas-fir and western hemlock trees, respectively.
tsugae were collected from beat sheet samples on adelgid-infested hemlock trees at Laurel Falls sites (2, 3) and one adult at the Anthony Ridge site.
The Swinging Bridge home sites are set among stately pine, birch and hemlock trees, and alongside the beautiful, deep blue waters of the reservoir.
The average hemlock tree in sites with high mortality lost 50 to 75% of their foliage, while hemlock trees in sites with moderate mortality on average had 25 to 50% foliar loss.
To determine the fertilizing effect of the salmon wastes, Reimchen contracted a lab in California to use new technology to analyze nitrogen in samples taken from Western Hemlock trees.
Hemlock growth rates decreased from plot group II through IV (group I had few hemlock trees and was statistically indistinguishable from other groups).
Has: highbush blueberries, Canadian hemlock trees, pink marshmallow, lilac bush
The Douglas fir is really a close relative of hemlock trees and not a true spruce or fir.
The comfortable, spacious guest rooms are nestled among the giant fir and hemlock trees on the shore of beautiful Lake Crescent and offer wonderful views of the lake.