Hemodialysis

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hemodialysis

[‚hē·mō·di′al·ə·səs]
(medicine)
The filtering of toxic solutes and excess fluid from the blood via an external membranous coil placed between the blood and a rinsing solution.

Hemodialysis

 

a method of extrarenal purification of the blood in acute and chronic renal insufficiency. During dialysis, toxic metabolic products are removed from the body, and the impaired water and electrolyte balances are normalized. Dialysis is effected by exchange transfusion of blood (simultaneous massive bloodletting with transfusion of the same amount of whole blood), by washing the peritoneum with a salt solution (peritoneal dialysis), and by washing the intestinal mucosa with moderately hypertonic solutions (intestinal dialysis). Use of an artificial kidney is the most effective method of dialysis.

A. P. RZHANOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
Separately, our hemodiafiltration technology and our ultrapure dialysis filters have the potential to improve the standard of care in certain patients with end stage kidney disease.
Hemofiltration and Hemodiafiltration Reduce Intradialytic Hypotension in ESRD.
The centre houses 18 dialysis machines of latest and hi-tech standards and specifications, which use the hemodiafiltration method, the most modern technique in dialysis in the world.
Maduell said hemodiafiltration has been available in Europe for almost two decades and more recently in Asia and Canada as well.
However, lactate levels and blood gases became normal as a result of early and efficient hemodiafiltration intervention.
Thus, continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration with the support of an adrenalin infusion was started.
They discuss selection guidelines, performance in online hemodiafiltration, the preferred dialysis fluid, required water quality, clinical outcomes, albumin loss, the choice of dialysis modality, various types of membranes, and other topics, along with a table of commercially available dialyzers on the Japanese market.
Japan) compile 22 articles that detail the work of researchers in Japan who have developed an innovative technique, hemodiafiltration, which uses blood purification to remove cytokines from kidneys in critically ill patients with septic shock and prevents acute organ damage and subsequent multiple organ failure.