hemolytic anemia

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Related to Hemolytic anemias: hemorrhagic anemia

hemolytic anemia

[¦hē·mə¦lid·ik ə′nē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
A decrease in the blood concentration of hemoglobin and the number of erythrocytes, due to the inability of the mature erythrocytes to survive in the circulating blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
Splenic infarct in a patient with autoimmune hemolytic anemia.
Megadose prednisolone (MDMP) for a patient with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) resistant to conventional corticostoroid administration.
The new diagnosis in primary (idiopathic) autoimmune hemolytic anemia patients is suggested as glucocorticoids (steroids), prednison 1 mg/kg/day or metilprednisolon intravenously.
In most instances, alloimmune hemolytic anemias occur from alloantibodies that were immunologically derived secondary to a sensitizing event.
All hemolytic anemias result from an immunological or non-immunological response that decreases the RBC survival rate, but, all patients with IHA will also show varying degrees of reactivity with commercially procured screening RBCs.
Laboratory investigation of autoimmune hemolytic anemias.
Fatal autoimmune hemolytic anemia in a child due to warm-reactive immunoglobulin M antibody.
Aspergillosis is infrequently reported as a complication in autoimmune hemolytic anemia.
The initial symptoms and laboratory findings of hemolytic anemia, depressed hemoglobin and haptoglobin concentrations, increased lactate dehydrogenase, increased indirect bilirubin, and an IgG-positive result in a direct antiglobulin test were all consistent with those typically indicative of warm antibody AIHA, although the reticulocytosis often also associated with AIHA was not noted (1).
Further laboratory studies were conducted on residual premortem samples to identify processes that might have contributed to the patient's severe and persistent hemolytic anemia and multiorgan failure.
Splenectomy can safely be performed laparo-scopically in almost all cases of primary autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), because the spleen is usually of normal size (6).
Splenic artery embolization: An alternative approach in a critically ill patient with autoimmune hemolytic anemia.