Hemoptysis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Hemoptysis: massive hemoptysis

hemoptysis

[hē′mäp·tə·səs]
(medicine)
Discharge of blood from the larynx, trachea, bronchi, or lungs.

Hemoptysis

 

the expectoration of blood with the sputum.

Hemoptysic sputum may be blood-streaked or mixed with blood (”rusty sputum”). Pure blood may be spit up, scarlet and sometimes in large quantities (for example, in pulmonary hemorrhage). Hemoptysis is seen with tuberculosis and bronchiectasis; with tumors, inflammations, abscesses, and infarctions of a lung; with certain heart diseases; and with diseases of the blood system. Hemoptysis can be caused by the ulceration or rupture of a blood vessel, congestion in the lungs, or increased permeability of the walls of the small blood vessels. Sometimes it occurs when blood flows into the respiratory passages as a result of a nosebleed or bleeding gums. The first aid for hemoptysis involves placing the victim in a semi-recumbent position with an icebag on his chest. He should not be allowed to talk. The condition is treated by eliminating the primary cause and administering hemostatics.

References in periodicals archive ?
6,7) However, the more serious complications of stenosis and fatal hemoptysis were not observed with increasing frequency until the advent of high-dose-rate brachytherapy.
4) In our patient, poor reflux management (dietary and behavioral), the use of daily aspirin, and an impaired swallowing function all contributed to his alendronate-related laryngeal hemoptysis.
In summary, paragonimiasis, albeit uncommon in this country, is certainly a possibility in the difficult-to-diagnose pulmonary patient with chronic cough and hemoptysis.
It is the most common cause of hemoptysis worldwide (4).
We presented a case of solitary endobronchial papilloma which was subsequently complicated by bronchiectasis, hemoptysis, and malignant degeneration.
Pulmonary inflammatory pseudo tumor typically presents with cough, fever, dyspnea, and hemoptysis, yet some cases are asymptomatic.
After discharge from the hospital, 66% had no symptoms, whereas about one-third had at least one symptom, including pain/pleural effusion (23%), hemoptysis (5%), pneumopathy (3%), and pneumothorax (2%).
Abstract: A case of a cavitary lung lesion in the right middle lobe of a 34-year-old woman who presented with hemoptysis is presented.
Six patients presented with hemoptysis, and all had diffuse abnormalities on radiographic studies.
Although endobronchial GCTs may be asymptomatic and found incidentally at bronchoscopy, these tumors often result in hemoptysis, recurrent pneumonia, persistent atelectasis, or chronic cough.
On presentation to us 3 days later, the patient complained of aphonia following an episode of hemoptysis.