Henan

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Related to Henan Province: Shandong Province

Henan

or

Honan

(both: ho͝o`nän`), province (2010 pop. 94,023,567), c.65,000 sq mi (168,350 sq km), NE China. The capital is ZhengzhouZhengzhou
or Chengchow
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,323,700), capital of Henan prov., E central China. An important railroad center, the city is at the junction of the Longhai (east-west) and the Beijing-Guangzhou (north-south) railroads. The textile center of Henan prov.
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. It is sparsely settled in the mountainous western region but densely populated and cultivated in the east. Although the climate is dry, the loess provides fertile soil. Henan is a major wheat and cotton producing province; other agricultural products include sorghum, rice, millet, sweet potatoes, tobacco, fruit, oakleaf silk, and oilseed crops (sesame, peanuts). The province is well-watered, with the Huang He (Yellow River) flowing through the northern section and the Huai River in the east; both are generally navigable only for small rivercraft. Floods and droughts, long suffered in Henan, have been alleviated by the building (1960s) of the Sanmen dam on the Huang He in the southwest, the construction of the People's Victory Canal (which diverts water from the Huang He to the Jin River), reforestation efforts, and other irrigation and drainage programs. In addition to its waterways, Henan has many good highways and a fine railway system; the principal north-south and east-west railroad lines of China cross the province, intersecting at Zhengzhou. Coal, abundantly found in Henan, and hydroelectric power from the Sanmen project supply burgeoning industries in Zhengzhou, Luoyang, and Kaifeng. The province has a growing variety of heavy industries, such as chemical works and tractor plants, and light industries, such as the production of textiles, appliances, and electronic equipment. An aluminum plant is at the Sanmen gorge. Petroleum and natural gas can be found at the Zhongyuan oil fields. In addition to coal, iron is mined, and lead and pottery clay are found. Stone Age remains have been discovered in Henan, and from c.2000 B.C. the region was a center of Chinese civilization; Anyang, Luoyang, and Kaifeng are historic cities. In the early 1930s, N Henan was part of the Anhui-Henan-Hubei soviet area (also called the Oyuwan Republic). The area N of the Huang He was a part of Pingyuan prov. from 1949 to 1952.

Henan

, Honan
a province of N central China: the chief centre of early Chinese culture; mainly agricultural (the largest wheat-producing province in China). Capital: Zhengzhou. Pop.: 96 670 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
According to reports, the fire broke out on the 20th floor of the office building in Zhengzhou, which is in the Henan province of central China.
The properties comprise New Insight (an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the company) and its wholly-owned subsidiaries which are the registered and beneficial owners of the properties comprising ten land parcels located at Zheng Kai Da Road, Kaifeng, Henan Province, the PRC and the buildings erected on the land.
It was certified for the world record on Sunday in Kaifeng City, Henan Province.
Several people were injured and two were in a serious condition, the work safety office of Henan province said in a statement on its website.
Henan Province is situated in the mid-eastern region of China between northern latitudes 31[degrees]23'-36[degrees]22' and eastern longitudes 110[degrees]21'-116[degrees]39'.
Summary: A truck carrying fireworks has exploded in China's Henan Province, destroying part of a highway and leaving at least five people dead.
The blast, which destroyed an 80m (262ft) section of road, took place on the G30 expressway in Henan province according to the state-run China Daily, causing that section of the bridge to collapse and sending vehicles plummeting 30 metres to the ground.
30, 2012 (CENS)--Taiwan's Financial Supervisory Commission (FSC) recently approved the First Commercial Bank, a government-linked bank here, to set up footholds in townships and villages in Henan Province, China.
CTO chairman Alekos Oroundiotis and the deputy governor of Chinese Henan province, Kong Yufang, yesterday discussed the prospect of turning Cyprus into a tourist destination for the Chinese market.
The company will build, own and operate an air separation unit (ASU) and integrated gas liquefier in Henan Province, China.
Zhong Bo, the company chairman and chief executive officer, said, 'This new contract with Jiyuan Universal demonstrates the growing demand for efficient and effective transportation fleet management systems among a broad scope of commercial enterprises in Henan Province.
Neihuang industrial cluster of Henan province recently welcomed a large program investment.