Henan

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Henan

or

Honan

(both: ho͝o`nän`), province (2010 pop. 94,023,567), c.65,000 sq mi (168,350 sq km), NE China. The capital is ZhengzhouZhengzhou
or Chengchow
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,323,700), capital of Henan prov., E central China. An important railroad center, the city is at the junction of the Longhai (east-west) and the Beijing-Guangzhou (north-south) railroads. The textile center of Henan prov.
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. It is sparsely settled in the mountainous western region but densely populated and cultivated in the east. Although the climate is dry, the loess provides fertile soil. Henan is a major wheat and cotton producing province; other agricultural products include sorghum, rice, millet, sweet potatoes, tobacco, fruit, oakleaf silk, and oilseed crops (sesame, peanuts). The province is well-watered, with the Huang He (Yellow River) flowing through the northern section and the Huai River in the east; both are generally navigable only for small rivercraft. Floods and droughts, long suffered in Henan, have been alleviated by the building (1960s) of the Sanmen dam on the Huang He in the southwest, the construction of the People's Victory Canal (which diverts water from the Huang He to the Jin River), reforestation efforts, and other irrigation and drainage programs. In addition to its waterways, Henan has many good highways and a fine railway system; the principal north-south and east-west railroad lines of China cross the province, intersecting at Zhengzhou. Coal, abundantly found in Henan, and hydroelectric power from the Sanmen project supply burgeoning industries in Zhengzhou, Luoyang, and Kaifeng. The province has a growing variety of heavy industries, such as chemical works and tractor plants, and light industries, such as the production of textiles, appliances, and electronic equipment. An aluminum plant is at the Sanmen gorge. Petroleum and natural gas can be found at the Zhongyuan oil fields. In addition to coal, iron is mined, and lead and pottery clay are found. Stone Age remains have been discovered in Henan, and from c.2000 B.C. the region was a center of Chinese civilization; Anyang, Luoyang, and Kaifeng are historic cities. In the early 1930s, N Henan was part of the Anhui-Henan-Hubei soviet area (also called the Oyuwan Republic). The area N of the Huang He was a part of Pingyuan prov. from 1949 to 1952.

Henan

, Honan
a province of N central China: the chief centre of early Chinese culture; mainly agricultural (the largest wheat-producing province in China). Capital: Zhengzhou. Pop.: 96 670 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
What we have started is a process that seeks to achieve a win-win situation , said Vice Governor Li Ya who also extended an invitation to the North West Province to visit Henan Province in 2016 as part of implementing the working relations between the two Provinces.
2 Comparison of Fine Fodder Costs in Broiler Production by Scale in Henan Province 32
The 1,800-year-old tomb, located in Anyang, Henan Province, is about 100 square meters, including two living rooms and two bedrooms, experts say.
By combining the strengths of Henan Province, an area with abundant energy and natural resources, and Alcoa's technology and market leadership, we are aiming to establish a globally competitive base for aluminum production in China," said Alcoa CEO Klaus Kleinfeld.
Henan Power built new power plants to meet the increasing infrastructure needs within Henan Province, which in turn, raised the company's internal demand for more bandwidth capacity.
Hao Lijun said that the group has visited PU this time to seek out the most ideal universities of India, with which Henan Province could enter collaboration and bilateral academic co-operation, including teacher and students exchange programme.
According to the newspaper, he bought 999 roses for the purpose, and threw one out every kilometre on the 1,000-km expressway from Hunan to Henan province.
Located in the Henan province, this new state-of-the-art line underscores JM's commitment to its roofing, specialty and geotextiles customers.
Shougang Holding Tianguan Group has awarded a contract to a designer and commissioner and biomass- and waste-to-energy power plants, DP CleanTech to build up a biomass-fired power plant in Henan province, China.
New Delhi, July 17 (ANI): A mother of triplets from Zhengzhou, capital of Henan province, could not contain her excitement when she came to know that all three of her daughters got admission into the same university in Sichuan province.
Zhongpin" or the "Company"), a leading meat and food processing company in the People's Republic of China ("China"), today announced that the Company was honored with an Award of Excellence by the Provincial Government in Henan Province.
The Bureau has full mining jurisdiction over Luoyang City, Henan Province, controlling an area of over 15,208 sq kms.