Philip S Hench

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Hench, Philip S. (Showalter)

(1896–1965) rheumatologist; born in Pittsburgh, Pa. He worked with the Mayo Clinics at the University of Minnesota (1921–57). He was a pioneer in the pathology and therapy of gout before devoting his career to research on rheumatoid arthritis (RA). He coined the term "cortisone" for biochemist Edward Kendall's "compound E" isolate from the adrenal cortex, and devised treatments using cortisone (1948) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) (1949) for patients with RA. Hench and Kendall received one-half the 1950 Nobel Prize in physiology for their work on structure and behavior of adrenocortical hormones. Hench also published articles on the history of medicine and was considered an authority on yellow fever.