Henderson, Alexander

Henderson, Alexander,

1583–1646, Scottish churchman often regarded as the greatest figure in the Church of Scotland after John KnoxKnox, John,
1514?–1572, Scottish religious reformer, founder of Scottish Presbyterianism. Early Career as a Reformer

Little is recorded of his life before 1545. He probably attended St. Andrews Univ.
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. Henderson became a leading opponent of prelacy and of English domination of the church. In 1638, after the signing of the National Covenant (see CovenantersCovenanters
, in Scottish history, groups of Presbyterians bound by oath to sustain each other in the defense of their religion. The first formal Covenant was signed in 1557, signaling the beginning of the Protestant effort to seize power in Scotland.
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), he was elected moderator of the general assembly at Glasgow, which deposed the bishops and set up PresbyterianismPresbyterianism,
form of Christian church organization based on administration by a hierarchy of courts composed of clerical and lay presbyters. Holding a position between episcopacy (government by bishops) and Congregationalism (government by local congregation),
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 in spite of royal threats. Henderson met King Charles I to settle the problem and was favorably received. In 1640, he was elected rector of the Univ. of Edinburgh. In 1641 and 1643, he was moderator of the general assembly and presented (1643) a draft of the Solemn League and Covenant. He sat thereafter (1643–46) in the Westminster Assembly. In 1646, he again met Charles for a conference on church government during the course of the king's alliance with the Scottish army. Henderson wrote many speeches and sermons.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. P. Thomson (1912) and R. L. Orr (1919).

References in periodicals archive ?
Coates would become Dalglish's sixth summer signing followed the acquisition of Jordan Henderson, Alexander Doni, Charlie Adam, Stewart Downing and Jose Enrique.
Liverpool have spent big to bring in Jordan Henderson, Alexander Doni, Charlie Adam and Stewart Downing.
Other club finalists at Sheffield were Millie Cassidy, Georgia Darwent, Charlotte Wren, Alexandra Henderson, Alexander Reay, Gabrielle Smith, Greg Chambers and Philippa Chambers.
Henderson, Alexander, Mawene, St Ledger, Davidson, Sedgwick, Carter, Nicholls (Whaley 77), Pugh, Mellor (Carroll 69), Ormerod (Hawley 65).
PRESTON NORTH END (4-4-2): Henderson, Alexander, Mawene, St Ledger, Davidson, Sedgwick, Carter, Nicholls (Whaley 77), Pugh, Mellor (Carroll 69), Ormerod (Hawley 65).
Madeleine Galo, Ashley Garrison, Cynthia Gastelum Zavala, Ryan Gatewood, Aaron Gibbons, Corey Glidden, Kalina Glover, Carlos Godinez, Bradley Goldsberry, Aaron Goodman, Kyla Gore, Sean Grant, Aren Griffin, Daniel Gunderson, Madalyn Guzman, Holly Hallock, Nils Hamonic, Justin Han, David Harrison, Hilary Harrison, Casandra Hartman, Alicia Haskins, Chelsea Hauer, Frances Headley, Destiny Henderson, Alexander Hendricks-Clark, Douglass Hendrickson, Lacey Henry, Heather Hernandez, Amy Heyler, Jayme Hilmer, Joshua Hogan, Briana Hogate, Benjamin Houston, April Howard, Musashi Howe, Brian Hull, Tiara Hunt,
From Back Page Henderson, Alexander Doni, Charlie Adam and Stewart Downing during the transfer window.
PRESTON: Henderson, Alexander, St Ledger, Chilvers, Hill (Whaley 78), Sedgwick (Agyemang 82), Soley, Davidson, Pugh, Nugent, Ormerod (Ricketts 72).
PRESTON: Henderson, Alexander, St Ledger, Chilvers (Wilson, 46), Hill, Sedgwick, Soley (Whaley, 79), Davidson, Pugh, Nugent (Agyemang, 60), Ormerod.
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