Henderson, Donald Ainslie

Henderson, Donald Ainslie,

1928–2016, American physician instrumental in eradicating smallpox, b. Lakewood, Ohio, M.D. Univ. of Rochester, 1954, M.P.H. Johns Hopkins, 1960. He joined (1955) the Epidemic Intelligence Service of the Communicable Disease Center (now the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), and developed (1960–65) a campaign funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development to eliminate smallpoxsmallpox,
acute, highly contagious disease causing a high fever and successive stages of severe skin eruptions. Occurring worldwide in epidemics, it killed up to 40% of those who contracted it and accounted for more deaths over time than any other infectious disease.
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 and control measlesmeasles
or rubeola
, highly contagious disease of young children, caused by a filterable virus and spread by droplet spray from the nose, mouth, and throat of individuals in the infective stage.
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 in several African countries. He then ran (1966–77) the World Health Organization's campaign to eradicate smallpox worldwide, implementing a vaccination program that focused on isolating outbreaks rather than vaccinating huge populations. He subsequently served (1977–90) as dean of the public health school at Johns Hopkins. Henderson was later a government consultant on bioterrorism.
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