Hendrik Petrus Berlage
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Berlage, Hendrik Petrus
Born Feb. 21, 1856, in Amsterdam; died Aug. 12, 1934, in The Hague. Dutch architect; a founder of modern Dutch architecture.
Berlage built the Stock Exchange building in Amsterdam (1897–1903), in which features of a national-romantic style (emphatic massiveness, the asymmetrical tower, the large planes of the brick walls) are combined with a functional plan and bold construction; the huge hall is covered by a glass roof resting on unadorned steel girders. Berlage’s drive for purity, rationality, and geometrically strict composition appeared more consistently in his plans for the expansion of Amsterdam (1902–07), his reconstruction of The Hague (1908–09), and in such later structures as the Municipal Museum in The Hague (1916–35).